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Topic: Richard Dawkins Can’t Provide One Example of Increased Genome

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DunkingDan

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Creating Life in the Lab: How New discoveries in Synthetic Biology
« Reply #42 on: July 24, 2019, 07:22:26 PM »
Make a Case for the Creator

Fazale Rana, Reasons To Believe's biochemist scholar, has written a timely book, Creating Life in the Lab, that examines human attempts to create artificial life forms in the laboratory. With Craig Venter's announcement of having created an artificial bacterium, news sources have been busy speculating what is next.
Overview
Two approaches have been taken toward creating life in the lab. The bottom-up strategy has attempted to identify biochemical pathways and self-replicating molecules that could have been involved in the formation of the first life form. The top-down strategy has attempted to identify minimal requirements for life and then synthesize the DNA required to produce that life.
Top-down
Venter's group, Synthetic Genomics, Inc., set out a strategy to produce the world's first synthetic organism using a top-down approach using the "simple" bacterium, Mycoplasma genitalium. Synthetic Genomics "knocked-out" individual genes to determine what genes were required for the organism to grow and reproduce. They determined that 380 of the 480 genes were essential. They synthesized pieces of the DNA, chemically linked the pieces together, then used the cellular machinery of yeasts to link the larger pieces together. Then came the hard part - getting the DNA into a cell. Actually, that process could have been much more difficult. Synthetic Genomics specifically chose a bacterium that doesn't have a cell wall. Nearly all bacteria are surrounded by a thick cell wall that protects the bacteria from damage. However, certain intracellular parasites, like Mycoplasma genitalium, lack a cell wall, which facilitates their intracellular lifestyle. However, even with the lack of a cell wall, initial attempts to transplant the foreign DNA into related Mycoplasma species failed. It turned out that these bacteria, like most other bacteria, contain endonucleases to protect the host from foreign DNA. Venter's team had to eliminate those genes from the host cell and methylate the transplanted DNA to protect it from digestion. They also used a "trick" to make the foreign DNA take over the cell. Synthetic Genomics added antibiotic resistance (tetracycline) to the foreign DNA, then grew the transplanted cells in the antibiotic. Therefore, only antibiotic resistant cells (the ones with the foreign DNA) would grow. Therefore, the original DNA was eventually eliminated, resulting in the new bacterium, named Mycoplasma laboratorium.
Bottom-up
The other approach to creating life in the lab involves the bottom-up strategy. This approach is exemplified by the work of origin of life researcher Jack Szostak. Szostak's research has attempted to create protocells through the design of membrane-bounded vesicles followed by the incorporation of nucleic acids and metabolic components. The approach is decidedly more difficult and requires much more intelligent design than the top-down strategy. Instead of showing that life can arise without direction, the work shows that such an approach requires much planning and significant trial and error to get the right conditions, although researchers are still far from creating a novel life form.
Artificial enzymes
Another interesting section of Creating Life in the Lab is one on artificial enzymes. Biological enzymes catalyze chemical reactions, often increasing the spontaneous reaction rate by a billion times or more. Scientists have set out to produce artificial enzymes that catalyze chemical reactions not used in biological organisms. Comparing the structure of biological enzymes, scientists used super-computers to calculate the sequences of amino acids in their enzymes that might catalyze the reaction they were interested in. After testing dozens of candidates,, the best ones were chosen and subjected to "in vitro evolution," which increased the reaction rate up to 200-fold. Despite all this "intelligent design," the artificial enzymes were 10,000 to 1,000,000,000 times less efficient than their biological counterparts. Dr. Rana asks the question, "is it reasonable to think that undirected evolutionary processes routinely accomplished this task?"
Origin of life
The last half of of Creating Life in the Lab (chapters 7-13) examine our knowledge of possible origin of life scenarios and problems. Although covered in more detail in Dr. Rana's Origins of Life (published in 2004), these chapters update the latest studies that have attempted find a naturalistic explanation for the origin of life. These chapters include discussions of major origin of life models, including replicator first and metabolism first hypotheses. Numerous problems are discussed, including homochirality and the origin of biological membranes. Are scientists closer to a naturalistic explanation for life's origin? You will have to read the book to find out!
Epilogue, Appendix
The epilogue ties everything together, along with Dr. Rana's predictions about what the future will hold in artificial life forms and origin of life research. How should a Christian react to such studies? Creating Life in the Lab contains an appendix, which is a brief introduction to biochemistry and how cells function. If you have little background on the subject, you might want to start by reading the appendix so that the rest of the book makes more sense.
Conclusion Top of page
Creating Life in the Lab is a contemporary examination of how scientists are attempting to create life in the lab. The book is a great summary of the current research in the field. It cuts through the sensationalism of the news media, while not being overly technical. It is less technical than Dr. Rana's The Cell's Design, but still requires some technical interest in biology/biochemistry for full appreciation. In a world dominated by science and technology, it is good for Christians to know what is happening on the cutting-edge of science and how it applies to Christianity.
http://godandscience.org/evolution/creating_life_in_the_lab.html

Last Modified February 7, 2011
« Last Edit: August 01, 2019, 07:27:23 PM by DunkingDan »
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Book Review: More Than a Theory: Revealing a Testable Model for
« Reply #43 on: August 01, 2019, 07:28:53 PM »
 Creation by Hugh Ross

Is it science?
Dr. Ross introduces the topic of the RTB testable creation model by examining scientific complaints against creationism and intelligent design. Ross agrees that young earth creationism fails the test of scientific validity, whereas intelligent design (ID) lacks a model that provides any kind of predictive component. In addition, ID, under the "big tent" approach, has failed to repudiate the scientific unsoundness of young earth creationism. Many in the ID movement, including Philip Johnson,1 have strategized that the battle should be won in public opinion and in the political arena, instead of in the academic arena. In contrast, RTB seeks to directly compare the predictions of their testable creation model to those of naturalism, theistic evolution, and young-earth creationism. May the best model win!

Multiple choice

Chapter 2 examines the general principles and beliefs of the major origins models. Besides naturalism, theistic evolution, and young-earth creationism, Dr. Ross defines the beliefs of old earth creationists, ID theorists, framework theorists, progressive creationists, and concordists.

Different strategies

Different strategies have been employed by different groups in order to "win the battle" over the question of origins. The strategy of evolutionists seems to be to declare victory and hope that the public buys it. However, according to the latest polls, the strategy does not seem to have worked in the U.S., since the majority of Americans still believe in some form of creationism. Although a minority of scientists believe in God (~40%), the percentage has not changed significantly over the last century. The strategy of ID has been to become religiously neutral (in order to be taught in schools and to avoid possible "separation of church and state" issues) and stick mostly to evolution bashing. However, this strategy has resulted in the lack of the ability to produce any kind of testable model. Other strategies have included separate magisteria (Stephen Jay Gould) and God of the gaps (atheists). RTB has taken an integrative approach, in which both scripture and the record of nature are combined into a single testable hypothesis.

An objective testing method

Chapter 4 is an introduction into the scientific method and how models are prepared to test hypotheses. Examples are given about how past models have been useful to examine the origin of the universe. Reasons To Believe wants to expand the data upon which origin models are constructed, mostly through the reliance upon a more interdisciplinary approach.

Resources and standard for RTB's creation model

Chapter 5 examines how the RTB model was developed, including the biblical data (27 major creation passages in the New and Old Testaments), and the data from nature (109 major areas in which data is available). Also included are model building principles, including an emphasis on the simple sciences (mathematics, astronomy, and physics) over the more complex sciences, such as biology.

Putting RTB's model to the test

The next five chapters comprise the "meat" of the book, in providing specific areas that makeup RTB's comprehensive model. These chapters include RTB's model for galaxies, stars, and planets, life's beginning and extraterrestrial homes, life's history, advanced life, and the origin and history of humanity. Each chapter includes the biblical basis for the RTB model, along with the relevant scientific data. Chapter 10 is a summary of the more extensive testable creation model found in RTB's book, Origins of Life: Biblical and Evolutionary Models Face Off. Chapter 12 is a summary of the testable creation model found in Who Was Adam?: A Creation Model Approach to the Origin of Man. Chapter 13 is a summary of Dr. Ross' recent book, Why the Universe Is the Way It Is.

Putting new atheist cosmic models to the test

Chapter 14 examines the models put forward by the "new atheists," including Richard Dawkins, Victor Stenger, Stuart Kauffman, among others. Ross goes on to show that design is found on all scales - from the universe itself and the laws of physics, all the way down to atomic level. Many of the atheists attempt to escape the implications of design involve a variation of the gambler's fallacy, in which the extremely improbable is elevated, through the use of logical fallacies, to the point of being extremely likely.

Putting RTB's model to the U.S. constitution test

Chapter 15 is probably the only chapter with which I disagree extensively. Dr. Ross does an excellent job examining the legal history of teaching creation science in the public schools, along with the Supreme Court's rulings on such teachings. Dr. Ross points out correctly that the courts have largely ruled against the teaching of young earth creation science, which was shown to lack scientific merit. Dr. Ross concludes that RTB's testable creation model would pass this test of the courts. However, Ross does not take into account the Kitzmiller vs. Dover Area School District ruling, in which not only was it found that ID was not science (because of the lack of testability), but in which it was also found that ID was creationism in disguise, and, as such was a violation of the establishment of religion clause. This ruling was primarily based upon documents that linked the ID book Of Pandas and People, in which drafts were shown to replace the word "creationism" with "intelligent design" following the Edwards vs. Aguillard ruling in 1987. It is pretty obvious that the RTB model would not be permitted to be taught in public schools, even if it were scientifically valid, since it is based upon the Christian scriptures (Old and New Testaments).

Using predictions to test models

Chapter 16 compares and contrasts predictions made by major origins models. Chapter 17 compares the scores of naturalism, young earth creationism, theistic evolution and the RTB creation models on the basis of published data since 2006. These results show that the RTB model's predictions performed much better than any of the other three model's predictions for the simple sciences, complex sciences, and social sciences.

Extra credit

The final chapter examines means by which various opposing groups avoid direct testing of models, but instead resort to fear, Christophobia, science phobia, censorship, and stultification. Instead, Dr. Ross proposes an emphasis on integration of scientific disciplines in order to examines the big picture. Any valid model should integrate to provide a coherent explanation of all available data. According to Dr. Ross, because most proponents tend to avoid discussion of opposing viewpoints, interest in the sciences is waning, since there is "no controversy."

Appendices

Additional information is provided in the appendices. Appendix A provides additional information regarding the Bible as the origin of the scientific method. Appendix B provides additional evidence for fine tuning. Most of this information is available online at http://www.reasons.org/links/hugh/research-notes. Appendix C links to a web page that contains RTB model (along with naturalism, theistic evolution, and young-earth creationism) predictions at http://www.reasons.org/resources/predictions.

Conclusion Top of page
Hugh Ross' latest book is an excellent overview of the RTB model as it relates to the universe, the earth, the origin of life, and the origin of humanity. In addition, it provides an excellent introduction into how the model was developed and how it can be compared to competing origins models. The RTB model makes predictions about future scientific discoveries, and challenges proponents of other models to make their own predictions about what their models expect to find in future scientific studies. Instead of resorting to name calling, ridicule, fear, and personal attacks, RTB challenges others to issue predictions from their models to see which models produce the best results in the coming years. It would be nice to see such comparisons, but I don't see naturalists or young earth creationists being willing to put their models on the line.
http://godandscience.org/evolution/more_than_a_theory.html

Last Modified February 15, 2009

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Book Review: Why the Universe Is the Way It Is by Hugh Ross
« Reply #44 on: August 11, 2019, 07:16:36 PM »
In a slight departure from their usual books on a testable creation model, Hugh Ross (Reasons To Believe) takes on the big "why" questions about the universe and why God created in the way He did. This book represents a continuation of Creation As Science with more emphasis on how biblical theology fits with what we know about the characteristics of the universe and life on earth.
Why is the universe so large?
The size of the universe and the earth has been described as being both too large and too small. When fifteenth and sixteenth century explorers were looking for routes to Asia, the earth was seen as being too big. Now, people complain that the earth is too small to support all its inhabitants and the universe is too large. However, Ross goes on to show that the universe is exactly the size it needs to be in order for life to exist at all in it. More details about these design parameters can be on Size of the Universe: Isn't it Too Large to Have Been Created by God for Humanity?
Why is the universe so old?
Why would God create the universe over 13 billion years ago and wait all that time before creating human beings? It turns out that rocky planets were not even possible in the universe until several generations of stars had created the necessary heavy elements. Other important factors that require an old universe and old earth include the amount of radioactive materials in the universe, the age of the Sun and the stability of its nuclear fusion cycle, the amount of land mass and oxygen on the earth, and the optimal viewing time and location to observe the universe.
Why such a lonely universe?
Although the universe is large and populated with seemingly endless numbers of galaxies, recent evidence suggests that even simple life may be rare and advanced life extremely rare or absent throughout the universe.
Why such a dark universe?
Our galaxy resides in a low density area of the universe, and the earth is located between stellar arms within our galaxy. Our dark location offers a perfect vantage point to observe the universe.
Why a decaying universe?
The existence of the second law of thermodynamics along with dark matter ensures that the universe will become more and more hostile to life, eventually resulting in the end of all life, consciousness, and knowledge. For more information, see The Hope of Atheism and Humanism: The Ultimate Fate of Life, the Universe, and Everything.
Why a realm beyond this one?
The timing of humanity's appearance in the universe and on earth corresponds to a point of optimal "coincidences" that allow for the existence of advanced life. Some of these parameters include the earth's rotation rate, the amount of fossil fuels, solar stability and luminosity, solar eclipses, and plate tectonics. This chapter also includes several examples of what makes humans unique among all other forms of advanced life on earth. ultimately, the existence of hope, destiny and purpose as a part of human drives makes no sense from an evolutionary perspective.
Why this particular planet, star, galaxy and universe?

This chapter examines the evidence for the fine tuning of the universe, solar system and earth. The number of fine tuning parameters have increased every year that Reasons To Believe has compiled these data. Why the Universe Is the Way It Is does not specifically examine the details of this fine tuning, since this is covered in detail in The Creator and the Cosmos.
Why believe the Bible?
Although the Bible does not contain a detailed scientific description of the creation of the universe, it makes some remarkable claims, many of which were not confirmed by science until recently.
Why not a perfect universe - now?
This chapter examines the false assumptions skeptics make about God's purpose for the universe and why those assumptions are wrong. This chapter delineates eleven reasons why God created the universe according to the Bible:
  • God wanted humans to exist
  • The universe is a classroom for humans
  • Universe demonstrates God's divine nature
  • Universe shows us our own human nature
  • Spread of mankind through global civilization
  • Universe displays God's glory and goodness
  • Universe created by God for the conquest of evil
  • Universe instructs God's angels
  • God personally rescues us from sin
  • God amazes us with His grace
  • The universe trains us for the new creation
Why these physical laws and dimensions?
This chapter discusses why God created the physical laws the way He did. Many of the characteristics of the universe ensure that sin is limited and punished with increased suffering. This chapter also ties together the purpose for humanity, his redemption and ultimate destiny.
Why two creations?
This chapter explains why God didn't just create humans in heaven, but allowed us to learn about the price of sin and redemption by direct experience. Those whose will is transformed will experience the second creation with our Creator.
Why the new creation is better?
This chapter examines some of the amazing characteristics of the new creation and how we will be blessed when we choose to spend eternity with God in His kingdom.
Appendices
Additional information is provided on some of the proofs. Some of this information is available online at http://www.reasons.org/links/hugh/research-notes.
Conclusion Top of page
Hugh Ross' latest book is an excellent integration of biblical theology with the latest scientific evidence that supports the Christian worldview and the Bible as God's revelation to humanity. It also provides answers to common skeptical questions and complaints. The book is not overly technical, so it is recommended for all those interested in science and the Christian faith.
 

http://godandscience.org/apologetics/why_the_universe.html

Last Modified September 21, 2008

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

katmai

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Re: Book Review: Why the Universe Is the Way It Is by Hugh Ross
« Reply #45 on: August 12, 2019, 12:32:42 AM »
Why believe the Bible?
Although the Bible does not contain a detailed scientific description of the creation of the universe, it makes some remarkable claims, many of which were not confirmed by science until recently.

What are some of the remarkable claims about creation that have been recently confirmed by science?  

Cincydawg

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Re: Richard Dawkins Can’t Provide One Example of Increased Genome
« Reply #46 on: August 12, 2019, 08:43:03 PM »
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/08/interlocking-puzzle-allowed-life-emerge/595945/?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=share&fbclid=IwAR17l2Fe_71jJ4cEmSQfvee-mHvIOJLFzFILoNbnW0bpgcD80t5LEgSvsEM
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/08/interlocking-puzzle-allowed-life-emerge/595945/?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=share&fbclid=IwAR17l2Fe_71jJ4cEmSQfvee-mHvIOJLFzFILoNbnW0bpgcD80t5LEgSvsEM

Interesting to some here, perhaps.

I think the main claim about Creation that is supported by science would be any similarity between the Big Bang Theory and Genesis.  Of course, the Creations story has some rather obvious issues and is not at all consistent with the BBT, but I've seen it claimed to be coincident.

DunkingDan

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Book Review: The Cell's Design: How Chemistry Reveals the Creator's
« Reply #47 on: August 17, 2019, 10:59:12 AM »
Fazale Rana (Ph.D. in chemistry), vice president of research and apologetics at Reasons To Believe, has written a new book, The Cell's Design: How Chemistry Reveals the Creator's Artistry, that attempts to show that cellular biochemistry points to the existence of the Creator who designed it. Whereas most intelligent design books attempt to show the existence of design by demonstrating the existence of irreducible complexity, Dr. Rana examines the cell's biochemistry with broad strokes of how everything works together with such marvelous fidelity. So, even if a single piece or line of evidence might be dismissed as a statistical outlier, the weight of evidence makes a powerful case for design by a Creator. Each chapter begins with an analogy from the art world that relates to the topic at hand. Apparently, Dr. Rana is quite an art enthusiast.
Protein manufacturing
One of my favorite sections was the discussion of how proteins are made within a cell. A large amount of the cell's molecular systems are involved in the process by which DNA is transcribed into RNA then translated into proteins. The process is like a beautifully choreographed symphony in which all the instruments come together to produce a sound that seems to be more than just the addition of the individual pieces. The protein manufacturing process is amazing in its own right. However, the quality control systems that operate at each step of the process ensure that the fidelity of the copies remain high without slowing down the process. However, just manufacturing proteins is not the end of the process. Many of these proteins undergo post-translational modifications, such as formation of disulfide bonds (one aspect of the protein folding process), folding of proteins into specific three-dimensional structures, addition of carbohydrate moieties, cleavage of the protein chain, and assembly into protein complexes. For most proteins, the linear structure of the protein does not define its three dimensional structure sufficiently so that it will fold properly on its own. Accessory molecules are required to ensure that the protein folds properly so that it will function as designed. How these systems co-evolved along with the proteins themselves is quite a mystery for evolutionists.
Irreducible complexity
Although The Cell's Design does not emphasize irreducible complexity as evidence for biological design, Dr. Rana does not shy away from criticisms that have been leveled at some of Michael Behe's original claims. For example, evolutionists have speculated that the complex molecular machinery of the flagellum were conscripted from previously existing biochemical systems that were originally evolved for other processes. However, these explanations are highly speculative and provide no evidence that the proposed agents evolved before the appearance of the flagellum (or afterward, which would completely destroy the argument). In addition, such explanations do not take into account how flagella in bacteria and archaea appear to have emerged independently.
Conclusion Top of page
The Cell's Design is a comprehensive examination of the biochemistry of the cell from a layman's perspective. Even so, the text does not gloss over the significant details of how the cell works. I recommend that readers have a least some college or at least are well read, since the text is detail-rich by necessity. Scientists will enjoy and understand the book best, so you might consider giving the book to some of your scientist friends. As a scientist myself, I see the design within the cell as much more beautiful than even the most wonderful sunset. The cell's design certainly does reveal the artistry of the Creator.
http://godandscience.org/evolution/the_cells_design.html

Last Modified May 28, 2008
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Book Review: Creation As Science: A Testable Model Approach to End the
« Reply #48 on: August 22, 2019, 03:38:54 PM »
Creation/evolution Wars


Reasons To Believe's third in a series of books proposing a testable creation model takes on the origin and design of the universe. Previous books, Origins of Life: Biblical and Evolutionary Models Face Off  and Who Was Adam?: A Creation Model Approach to the Origin of Man , examined the origin of life on earth and the origin of mankind, respectively. Creation As Science develops a biblical creation model and compares the predictions of this model compared to a naturalistic model, young earth creationism, and theistic evolution. This biblical creation model is divided into four main areas, the origin of the universe, the origin of the Solar System, the history of life on earth, and the origin and history of mankind.
Cosmological implications of the biblical model include extra dimensions, cosmic expansion, size of the universe, the anthropic principle, constancy of the laws of the universe, and humanity's specific viewing platform. The characteristics of the earth are compared to those of known extrasolar planets, showing that the earth is rare, if not unique among the planets.
Other chapters examine life's origin in terms of the naturalistic processes that would be required. The naturalistic model is shown to be lacking in that life appears early and is complex. Exactly the right species are introduced at the right time to transform the earth into a planet suitable for advanced life forms. The origin of humanity is examined in detail to complete the biblical model of creation.
Naturalists primary complaint about intelligent design is that it offers no model and makes no predictions. The strength of Creation As Science lies in its challenge to naturalistic models of origins through specific predictive claims. Chapter 11 examines specific predictions of the four models examined. Along with Appendix F, 22 cosmological and planetary sciences predictions are given for each model. Fifty-two predictive tests are listed for the origin and history of life on earth. In addition, 15 specific theological and philosophical predictions are made for each model. The success or failure of these predictions will determine the value of this approach in future years.



http://godandscience.org/apologetics/creation_as_science.html

Last Modified October 18, 2006



President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

BrownCounty

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Re: Richard Dawkins Can’t Provide One Example of Increased Genome
« Reply #49 on: August 22, 2019, 03:43:25 PM »
So here's the choice for those who are lost:

1) Believe in something that if true, humans would not be able to "prove".

2) Believe in something that if true, humans could easily "prove".  Yet we can't.



What idiot chooses #2?

DunkingDan

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Book Review: Who Was Adam?: A Creation Model Approach to the Origin of
« Reply #50 on: September 01, 2019, 07:20:21 PM »
Man

Are humans just advanced apes or have they been specially created in the image of God? Publications by scientists almost never ask the question, whereas publications by theists seldom examine the scientific data that relates to the question. However, two scientists raised in non-Christian homes, Fuz Rana (Ph.D. in chemistry) and Hugh Ross (Ph.D. in astronomy), have written a new book (Who Was Adam?: A Creation Model Approach to the Origin of Man) that examines the question of human origins by comparing biblical and evolutionary models.
The second in a series of books designed to produce a comprehensive biblical creation model, Reasons To Believe scholars, Rana and Ross present a biblical creation model that makes 13 specific predictions on the nature and origin of mankind, then go on to examine the evidence published in the latest scientific studies. One example from the biblical creation model is the predicted discrepancy between the origin dates for male and female genetic lines. The Bible claims that there was a genetic bottleneck at the Genesis flood. Whereas all females can trace their ancestry back to Eve (through the three wives of Noah's sons), all males trace their Y-chromosomes through Noah (through his three sons). This predicted discrepancy for molecular dates of Of or referring to the mitochondria, the organelles that generate energy for the cell.mitochondrial Deoxyribonucleic acid: the chemical inside the nucleus of a cell that carries the genetic instructions for making living organisms.DNA and Y-chromosome data is actually seen in the scientific literature. In addition to the Genetic material found in mitochondria, the organelles that generate energy for the cell.mtDNA and Y-chromosome data, Who Was Adam? examines molecular dates from nuclear Functional and physical units of heredity passed from parent to offspring. Genes are pieces of DNA, and most genes contain the information for making a specific protein.genes, numerous varieties of DNA that does not carry the information necessary to make a protein.non-coding genetic elements, and human parasites. All these data confirm a recent origin date for Homo sapiens sapiens. Other chapters examine the hominid fossil record as it relates to specific evolutionary models compared to the biblical creation model. Chapter 5 examines the question whether we can detect the image of God in modern humans that differentiates them from hominids in the fossil record. Specific hominid species are examined in detail, including Homo erectus, Homo neandertalensis, and chimpanzees. A chapter devoted to the development of bipedalism shows that the extensive changes required for this form of locomotion appeared in early hominids, with no apparent selective Darwinian driving force. An examination of hominid brain sizes shows no gradual increases within species, but large jumps as new species appeared on the scene. Opponents of the idea that humans are intelligently designed often point to the presence of "junk" ( DNA that does not carry the information necessary to make a protein.non-coding) Deoxyribonucleic acid: the chemical inside the nucleus of a cell that carries the genetic instructions for making living organisms.DNA in the All the DNA contained in an organism or a cell, which includes both the chromosomes within the nucleus and the DNA in mitochondria.genomes of both apes and humans. Chapter 14 examines the most recent evidence that shows that DNA that does not carry the information necessary to make a protein.non-coding Deoxyribonucleic acid: the chemical inside the nucleus of a cell that carries the genetic instructions for making living organisms.DNA is certainly not junk, but provides vital regulatory functions for coding Functional and physical units of heredity passed from parent to offspring. Genes are pieces of DNA, and most genes contain the information for making a specific protein.genes.
One chapter stands out as being somewhat out of place in a book on human origins. Chapter 6, "The best possible time" examines the timing of the appearance on humans in the context of the history of the universe and the history of the earth. Although peripherally-related to the question of intelligent design, it would seem to be more relevant to discussions of cosmology and the anthropic principle.
Although the book seems to be marketed to Christians (from the title), it will probably have more broad appeal within secular circles, since it does present an excellent, up-to-date review of the current scientific literature on human origins. Does a biblical creation model for human origins present a scientifically-respectable alternative to neo-Darwinian evolution? Read the book and make your own decision.
http://godandscience.org/evolution/who_was_adam.html

Last Modified September 11, 2005
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Origins of Life: Biblical and Evolutionary Models Face Off
« Reply #51 on: September 14, 2019, 05:05:10 PM »
Probably the single most potent scientific argument against atheism is the problem with a naturalistic origin of life. This very problem led me to become a deist as a biology major at USC in the early 1970's. The problems for atheists have gotten no better since that time. In fact, the last 30+ years of research have turned up even more problems than those that existed when I first studied the theories. Fuz Rana (a biochemist) and Hugh Ross (an astrophysicist) have teamed up to write the definitive up-to-date analysis of the origin of life. The book examines the origins of life from the perspectives of chemistry, biochemistry, astronomy, and the Bible. A biblical creation model is presented along side the naturalistic models to help the reader decide which one fits the data better. This is an excellent book to give to your unbelieving friends, since it presents a testable creation model that is clearly superior to any naturalistic model.
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

VolRage

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Re: Richard Dawkins Can’t Provide One Example of Increased Genome
« Reply #52 on: September 16, 2019, 09:00:28 AM »
Once again for you evolutionist and for the one millionth time.  

Where oh where are the fossil records or incremental skeletal records of any creature on earth that will no doubt display the progressive evolution of any one species? Oh, I know. The Smithsonian has them hidden from us. 😂😂😂

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Re: Richard Dawkins Can’t Provide One Example of Increased Genome
« Reply #53 on: September 16, 2019, 11:28:33 AM »
Once again for you evolutionist and for the one millionth time. 

Where oh where are the fossil records or incremental skeletal records of any creature on earth that will no doubt display the progressive evolution of any one species? Oh, I know. The Smithsonian has them hidden from us. 😂😂😂
I’m waiting. Surely the evidence is readily available and over whelming. I guess someone will post it shortly but I won’t hold my breath.

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Re: Richard Dawkins Can’t Provide One Example of Increased Genome
« Reply #54 on: September 16, 2019, 11:54:50 AM »
Evolution of the whale. Yeah, completely believable and what sane person couldn't believe this one. :57:


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Re: Richard Dawkins Can’t Provide One Example of Increased Genome
« Reply #55 on: September 16, 2019, 11:59:55 AM »
Evolution of a horse. Surely science has the incremental skeletal record and DNA evidence to back this one up. I won't hold my breath on this one.


 

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