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Topic: Electricity Update Pt 8

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DunkingDan

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3 Reasons Why Nuclear is Clean and Sustainable
« Reply #84 on: October 20, 2019, 01:14:21 PM »
When you hear the words “clean energy,” what comes to mind?
Most people immediately think of solar panels or wind turbines, but how many of you thought of nuclear energy?
Nuclear is often left out of the “clean energy” conversation despite it being the second largest source of low-carbon electricity in the world behind hydropower.
That’s about to change thanks to the launch of the NICE Future Initiative.
This new global effort under the Clean Energy Ministerial makes sure nuclear will be considered in developing the advanced clean energy systems of the future.
So, just how clean and sustainable is nuclear?
Try these quick facts for starters.
1. Nuclear energy protects air quality

McGuire Nuclear Station in North Carolina
McGuire Nuclear Station located in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.
Duke Energy
Nuclear is a zero-emission clean energy source.
It generates power through fission, which is the process of splitting uranium atoms to produce energy. The heat released by fission is used to create steam that spins a turbine to generate electricity without the harmful byproducts emitted by fossil fuels.
According to the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI), the United States avoided more than 14,000 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions between 1995 and 2016. That’s the equivalent of removing 3 billion cars from the road.
It also keeps the air clean by removing thousands of tons of harmful air pollutants each year that contribute to acid rain, smog, lung cancer and cardiovascular disease.
2. Nuclear energy’s land footprint is small
DeSoto County Florida solar power system
A 25 megawatt solar power system in DeSoto County, Florida
NREL
Despite producing massive amounts of carbon-free power, nuclear energy produces more electricity on less land than any other clean-air source.
A typical 1,000-megawatt nuclear facility in the United States needs a little more than 1 square mile to operate. NEI says wind farms require 360 times more land area to produce the same amount of electricity and solar photovoltaic plants require 75 times more space.
To put that in perspective, you would need more than 3 million solar panels to produce the same amount of power as a typical commercial reactor or more than 430 wind turbines (capacity factor not included).
See more comparisons here.
3. Nuclear energy produces minimal waste
Uranium fuel comparison to other fuel sources.
Graphic by Sarah Harman | U.S. Department of Energy
Nuclear fuel is extremely dense.
It’s about 1 million times greater than that of other traditional energy sources and because of this, the amount of used nuclear fuel is not as big as you might think. 
All of the used nuclear fuel produced by the U.S. nuclear energy industry over the last 60 years could fit on a football field at a depth of less than 10 yards!
That waste can also be reprocessed and recycled, although the United States does not currently do this.
However, some advanced reactors designs being developed could operate on used fuel.
Learn more about our NICE Future Initiative and other benefits of nuclear energy.



https://www.energy.gov/ne/articles/3-reasons-why-nuclear-clean-and-sustainable?fbclid=IwAR2Ha-ixLz16dhbefs43n1UvhR1VOGTJihnuvJzt2SFmZ01XZDiri3qmWZ4
« Last Edit: October 20, 2019, 01:19:40 PM by DunkingDan »
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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GEH signs agreement for small modular reactor in Poland
« Reply #85 on: October 23, 2019, 06:33:53 PM »
GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy (GEH) has announced an agreement to collaborate on the potential application of its BWRX-300 small modular reactor technology in Poland. The North Carolina, USA-headquartered company said yesterday it had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Synthos SA, a Polish manufacturer of synthetic rubber and one of the country's biggest producers of chemical raw materials.

Jon Ball, executive vice president of nuclear plant projects for GEH, said: "Through our design-to-cost approach, we are designing the BWRX-300 to be cost-competitive with gas, renewables and other forms of power generation. We applaud Synthos for its interest in small modular reactor technology and advocacy of clean-energy options for Poland.”
Michal Solowow, owner of Synthos, said: "Utilising small modular reactors to generate clean energy will improve our chances to move away from coal and have a positive impact on our industry and nation."
The BWRX-300 is a 300 MWe SMR derived from GEH's 1520 MWe Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) design. According to GEH, the BWRX-300 leverages the design and licensing basis of the ESBWR, which received design certification from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in 2014. In May this year, GEH has initiated a vendor design review by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission for its BWRX-300 design.
GEH expects that the BWRX-300 will require up to 60% less capital cost per megawatt when compared to other water-cooled SMR designs or existing large nuclear reactor designs. It is the tenth evolution of GE's first boiling water reactor design, since it began commercialising nuclear reactors in 1955.
Poland has plans to build its first large-scale nuclear power plant. According to a draft energy policy document released for public consultation last November by Poland’s Ministry of Energy, this will be in operation by 2033. The document envisages 6-9 GWe of nuclear capacity in operation by 2043, accounting for about 10% of Poland's electricity generation. The selection of location for the first plant would be made in 2020, while the selection of the technology and general contractor would take place the following year. The first plant - with a capacity of 1.0 to 1.5 GWe - would be completed by 2033. Up to six reactors, with a combined capacity of 6-9 GWe, would be put into operation by 2043.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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DOE, NRC collaborate on advanced reactor deployment
« Reply #86 on: October 30, 2019, 05:25:04 PM »
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to share technical expertise and computing resources to accelerate the deployment of advanced nuclear technologies.

"The primary purpose of the MoU is to coordinate DOE and NRC technical readiness and sharing of technical expertise and knowledge on advanced nuclear reactor technologies and nuclear energy innovation, including through the National Reactor Innovation Center (NRIC)," the MoU states.
The NRIC was established under the provisions of the 2017 Nuclear Energy Innovation Capabilities Act, which directs DOE to facilitate the siting of advanced reactor research demonstration facilities through partnerships between the department and private industry.
Located at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), the NRIC develops the DOE's Gateway for Accelerated Innovation in Nuclear initiative which connects industry with the US national laboratories to accelerate the development and commercialisation of advanced nuclear technologies. NRIC will provide support as developers move to the later stages of commercialisation, coordinating with industry, federal institutions, national laboratories and universities on testing and developing concepts.
The DOE said its MoU with the NRC "couples the research capabilities of DOE's National Laboratories with the regulatory expertise of the NRC to help inform and accelerate the development and licensing of advanced reactors".
Under the agreement, DOE and NRC will share technical information and expertise. In addition, the NRC will have access to capabilities developed through NRIC, including state-of-the-art high-performance computers and modelling codes, to support licensing of advanced nuclear reactors. The NRC will also have access to DOE facilities in order to observe and learn from the research, development and demonstration of innovative nuclear technologies.
The NRC will provide DOE and the nuclear community with information on its regulations, guidance and licensing processes for new or advanced nuclear reactor technologies. DOE will assist prospective new or advanced reactor applicants in understanding and navigating the regulatory process.
"The United States has the technology, expertise and facilities to lead the world in developing next-generation reactors," said Rita Baranwal, assistant secretary for nuclear energy at the DOE. "This partnership between DOE and the NRC is a crucial step forward in making sure US nuclear technologies are available, both domestically and abroad, as soon as possible to bring clean and reliable energy to everyone around the world."
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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GEH signs agreement for small modular reactor in Poland
« Reply #87 on: November 04, 2019, 01:37:06 PM »
GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy (GEH) has announced an agreement to collaborate on the potential application of its BWRX-300 small modular reactor technology in Poland. The North Carolina, USA-headquartered company said yesterday it had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Synthos SA, a Polish manufacturer of synthetic rubber and one of the country's biggest producers of chemical raw materials.

Jon Ball, executive vice president of nuclear plant projects for GEH, said: "Through our design-to-cost approach, we are designing the BWRX-300 to be cost-competitive with gas, renewables and other forms of power generation. We applaud Synthos for its interest in small modular reactor technology and advocacy of clean-energy options for Poland.”
Michal Solowow, owner of Synthos, said: "Utilising small modular reactors to generate clean energy will improve our chances to move away from coal and have a positive impact on our industry and nation."
The BWRX-300 is a 300 MWe SMR derived from GEH's 1520 MWe Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) design. According to GEH, the BWRX-300 leverages the design and licensing basis of the ESBWR, which received design certification from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in 2014. In May this year, GEH has initiated a vendor design review by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission for its BWRX-300 design.
GEH expects that the BWRX-300 will require up to 60% less capital cost per megawatt when compared to other water-cooled SMR designs or existing large nuclear reactor designs. It is the tenth evolution of GE's first boiling water reactor design, since it began commercialising nuclear reactors in 1955.
Poland has plans to build its first large-scale nuclear power plant. According to a draft energy policy document released for public consultation last November by Poland’s Ministry of Energy, this will be in operation by 2033. The document envisages 6-9 GWe of nuclear capacity in operation by 2043, accounting for about 10% of Poland's electricity generation. The selection of location for the first plant would be made in 2020, while the selection of the technology and general contractor would take place the following year. The first plant - with a capacity of 1.0 to 1.5 GWe - would be completed by 2033. Up to six reactors, with a combined capacity of 6-9 GWe, would be put into operation by 2043.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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UK confirms funding for Rolls-Royce SMR
« Reply #88 on: November 12, 2019, 05:05:15 PM »
UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) has provided initial match funding to the consortium of companies designing a new type of nuclear power station in the UK. Rolls-Royce and its partners have said a UK small modular reactor (SMR) programme could contribute GBP100 billion (USD128 billion) to the UK economy and open up a global export market.

The consortium comprises Assystem, Atkins, BAM Nuttall, Laing O’Rourke, National Nuclear Laboratory, Nuclear AMRC, Rolls-Royce, Wood and The Welding Institute.
Rolls-Royce said the initial joint investment of GBP18million from UKRI has been been "confirmed and contracted" and will be matched by nuclear, civil engineering construction and manufacturing industry firms, which have been working on the preliminary design for four years.
Paul Stein, chief technology officer for Rolls-Royce, said: "The consortium's work with the government shows that action is being taken to decarbonise our economy and meet our society’s vital and growing power needs. This is a very positive step forward to this next phase of the programme."
The target cost for each station is GBP1.8 billion by the time five have been built, with further savings possible, Rolls-Royce said. Each power station will be able to operate for 60 years and provide 440 megawatts of electricity.
The shared initial investment will be used to progress the significant opportunities presented by the programme; prepare it for the UK's regulatory Generic Design Assessment process; and make final decisions on which innovations to pursue.
The government’s intention to support the programme was announced in July.
UKRI says that an initial GBP36 million joint public and private investment, with GBP18 million of the investment from the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, will enable the consortium to further develop their design.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Wind turbine blades being disposed of in Casper landfill
« Reply #89 on: November 16, 2019, 02:14:39 PM »




Decommissioned windmill blades
The Casper landfill will soon be the home of more than 1,000 decommissioned wind turbine blades and motor housing units. 
According to Cindie Langston, solid waste manager for the Casper Regional Landfill, the materials will be deposited in an area of the landfill designed to hold construction and demolition material. 
CRL is one of the few landfills with the proper permits and certifications to accept the decommissioned turbine materials. 
The turbine disposal project, which started this summer, is slated to continue until the spring of 2020, bringing the CRL estimated revenue of $675,485. Such “special waste projects” bring in about $800,000 a year, which helps keep CRL rates low, Langston said.
The wind turbine components are being delivered by InStream Environmental, a company that recycles and disposes of other companies’ waste streams. The company is retrieving the blades from two different wind farm locations.
Each turbine blade will need between 30 and 44.8 cubic yards of landfill space, using a total of 448,000 cubic yards of the 2.6 million yards set aside for construction and demolition material. The components are made of a fiberglass material that is one of the most inert, non-toxic materials accepted at CRL, Langston said. 
The average lifespan of a wind turbine is 20 to 25 years, and wind farms repurpose and recycle 90 percent of the materials in a wind turbine unit. The only materials not recycled are the fiberglass blades and motor housings. Nationwide, there are nearly 50,000 wind turbines, with 2,700 being decommissioned since the energy boom of the 1970s. 
Researchers at Washington State University are looking for ways to reuse the fiberglass components of aged-out turbines, but no practical commercial applications have yet been found. There is some hope that ground up blades can be used to create building materials, among other things.
To prevent acres of abandoned and decaying wind farms, Wyoming laws require companies provide bonds to cover the cost of decommissioning and disposal of turbines once they are taken out of service or abandoned

https://cowboystatedaily.com/2019/08/07/wind-turbine-blades-being-disposed-of-in-casper-landfill/?fbclid=IwAR2WmYpbv2AVDC7sW2rNxDFggK_sSa1x4yVOtlPzsMmiCBsIZCjILvTVJeE



President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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When will the enviro-nuts acknowledge Tesla's poisonous, deadly
« Reply #90 on: November 16, 2019, 02:16:17 PM »
batteries?


When will all the radical extremists who want to save the Earth by getting rid of fossil fuels admit the environmental hazard of the flammable pollutant lithium and tell us how and where it will be disposed of?
When will journalists stop polluting the airwaves and newspapers with Democrat talking points and report the truth instead of pushing an agenda that will destroy the U.S. economy?
The answer is that they won't.  All previous predictions of doom and gloom have been 100% wrong, and they still indoctrinate everyone, especially the young, and seek to shut up anyone who disagrees by calling them deniers.
The "Green" Illusion Continues
The "Green" Illusion Continues: Tesla Crash Victim Can't Find Anyone To Recycle His Wrecked Car

Quote
Now, the owner of the vehicle is having trouble finding someone who will properly recycle his wrecked car and its battery. It's been sitting in one place since the accident and Tyrol reports that "nobody wants to burn their fingers to dispose of the car with its unpredictable 600kg lithium ion battery".
https://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2019/11/when_will_the_environuts_acknowledge_teslas_poisonous_deadly_batteries.html?fbclid=IwAR3hRCP8fZQzDEDU0lKLWScqrElDA4uG6xoAGvglSUO8OkYbbWCwwRM7SFQ
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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EBR-II experience aided ARC-100 SMR design review
« Reply #91 on: November 19, 2019, 05:29:34 PM »
Proven technology and data helped ARC Nuclear Canada pass initial stage of Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission’s Vendor Design Review.


The ARC-100 small modular reactor. Source: ARC Nuclear Canada

Related Articles

ARC Nuclear Canada, Inc has successfully completed the first phase of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) Vendor Design Review (VDR) for its ARC-100 advanced small modular reactor (SMR).
The phase 1 assessment provides detailed feedback about the vendor’s understanding of the CNSC’s requirements for a nuclear power plant in Canada but does not certify the design or licence the reactor.
The ARC-100 sodium-cooled fast reactor generates 100 MWe of electricity. It aims to be walk-away safe and able to reconstitute its own fuel. The reactor system employs uranium metal alloy as fuel with a 20-year refuelling cycle. Its nuclear core is submerged in a tank of liquid sodium at ambient pressure.
Current estimates, which will be confirmed in the next stage, are indicating in the area of $50-60 per MWh for electricity generated, with a total cost of $500 million for the build. With the current climate initiatives being progressed in Canada, including charges laid against fossil fuel generation, ARC says its technology is very competitive.

The SMR derives its technology from the 20 MWe Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) which was designed and operated by the U.S. Argonne National Laboratory for over 30 years. The EBR-II demonstrated the technology and successfully produced electricity into the local grid. The EBR-II proved and documented inherent safety, the reconstitution of spent fuel and economic production of electricity.
“The ARC-100 is a proven technology which makes it a significant competitive differentiator,” ARC Nuclear Canada Business Manager, Carol Lynn Landry, told Nuclear Energy Insider.
“In addition to its readiness for market, its inherent safety and the ability to reconstitute its own fuel repeatedly, the ARC-100 technology can support intermittent wind and solar energy sources which is proving to be very popular with our client base.”
In the case of the ARC-100, the CNSC determined that ARC Nuclear Canada understands, and has interpreted correctly, the intent of regulatory requirements. ARC Canada said any question or comment is foreseen to be resolvable and will be addressed in future engagement with the CNSC.

Source: CSNC
Ready for Phase 2
ARC’s is the third design to complete Phase 1 Pre-Licensing Vendor Design Review (a process that typically takes 12-18 months but was carried out over a 24-month period at the request of the vendor) following Terrestrial Energy and Ultra Safe Nuclear Corporation (USNC).
Terrestrial Energy was the first to move to Phase 2 in December 2018 with its 200 MWe Integral Molten Salt Reactor (IMSR), while USNC is yet to commence Phase 2. USNC’s MMR-5 and MMR-10 high-temperature gas reactors have capacity of 5 and 10 MWe respectively.
Other companies with designs currently in Phase 1 include Moltex Energy, SMR LLC (Holtec), NuScale Power, and U-Battery Canada.
While Terrestrial and U-Battery both took up Canadian Nuclear Laboratories’ (CNL) invitation to site a SMR demonstration unit at one of their managed sites, and have both completed Phase 1 of that process, ARC has other ideas.
“Currently ARC Nuclear Canada has no plans to participate in CNL’s invitation for siting of an SMR on their research site,” said Landry.
“The ARC-100 technology is at a mature technology level since its design is based on a previously proven technology that was operated safely by world-leading experts for over three decades. As such, prototype development, that may be a requirement for other advanced small modular reactor types, is not required in our case.”
SMR opportunity
ARC Canada established its HQ in Saint John, New Brunswick, in October 2018 and believes the province provides the ideal platform for SMR technology.
“I see a tremendous opportunity for our manufacturing sector, academia and workforce as we build a sustainable supply chain that will export the ARC-100 technology,” said ARC Canada’s President and CEO Norman JD Sawyer.
“With a timely and positive decision by the government of New Brunswick regarding a demonstration unit at the Point Lepreau site, the opportunity could become a reality. We believe that ARC Canada’s ability to provide Canada’s regulatory body with data that comes from decades of operating experience is a key attribute that sets the ARC-100 design apart from its competitors."
ARC is working with NB Power in developing plans for the eventual build of the First Of A Kind (FOAK). Completion of the SMR is slated for 2028 in time to replace the existing coal generation station in 2030.
"We believe, as does our current partner NB Power, the ability to rely on a significant amount of operational data does provide a significant advantage over other advanced SMR technologies," said Landry. "In fact the Canadian regulatory body also sees our ability to use such operating experience as part of our design improvement program as a very positive aspect of our safety case."



https://analysis.nuclearenergyinsider.com/ebr-ii-experience-aided-arc-100-smr-design-review
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Chinese nuclear heating project starts up
« Reply #92 on: November 21, 2019, 01:55:34 PM »
China's first commercial nuclear heating project has begun operating at the Haiyang nuclear power plant in Shandong province. The plant's two AP1000 units will initially provide heating to 700,000 square metres of housing.

Shandong Nuclear Power Company (SDNPC) - a subsidiary of State Power Investment Corporation (SPIC) and the owner of Haiyang plant - announced on 15 November that, following a few days of trial operation, the demonstration district heating system had officially been put into operation.
The system extracts non-radioactive steam from the secondary circuit of the two Haiyang AP1000 units, which is then fed through a multi-stage heat exchanger in an on-site heat exchange station. This heat is then fed to an off-site heat exchange station belonging to local thermal company Fengyuan Thermal Power, from where heated water flows through municipal heating pipes to consumers.

 
The system will initially heat 700,000 square metres of housing this winter, including SDNPC's dormitory and some residents of Haiyang.
This use of nuclear energy heating is expected to avoid the use of 23,200 tonnes of coal annually, cutting emissions of soot by 222 tonnes, of sulfur dioxide by 382 tonnes, of nitrogen oxide by 362 tonnes and of carbon dioxide by 60,000 tonnes.
The Haiyang Nuclear Energy Heating Project is expected to provide heating to the entire Haiyang city by 2021.
According to SDNPC, with slight modifications, Haiyang units 1 and 2 could have the capacity to provide heating to 30 million square meters. With the completion and commissioning of subsequent units at Haiyang, the plant could eventually provide heating to more than 200 million square meters of housing within a 100 kilometre radius, avoiding the use of about 6.62 million tonnes of coal. Up to six CAP1000 units are planned for the Haiyang plant.
The use of nuclear energy heating does not increase the price consumers pay and the interests of thermal companies are not impaired, SDNPC said. The ecological and environmental benefits moreover are "huge", the efficiency of nuclear power plants is improved, and new industries are stimulated.
The Chinese government has made clean-energy heating a priority and in 2017 issued guidance on this for winter in northern China. The National Energy Administration released a five-year plan, covering 2017-2021, highlighting clean heating technology.
Russia, several East European countries, Switzerland and Sweden have all had nuclear-fuelled district heating schemes, and heat from nuclear power plants has also been sent to industrial sites in several countries.
Unit 1 of the Haiyang plant entered commercial operation in October 2018, with unit 2 following in January. Together, Haiyang units 1 and 2 will provide some 20 TWh of electricity to the grid annually, sufficient to meet one-third of household demand in Shandong province.
Last month, SDNPC signed a contract for a large-scale desalination demonstration project at Haiyang to provide water for residents and industries in the area.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Russia plans next two nuclear icebreakers
« Reply #93 on: November 25, 2019, 12:41:44 PM »
Atomenergomash, the engineering division of Russia’s Rosatom, has signed a contract for the supply of RITM-200 reactor units for two more nuclear icebreakers in Project 22220. The contract was signed between Atomenergomash subsidiary OKBM Afrikantov and the Baltic Shipyard.

The new vessels will join the LK-60 icebreakers Arktika, Sibir and Ural, which are dual-draught (8.55 or 10.5m) wide-beam (34m) ships of 25,450 dwt or 33,540 dwt with ballast, able to handle 3m of ice. They each have two RITM-200 reactors of 175 MWt each, delivering 60 MW at the propellers via twin turbine-generators and three motors. Arktika is expected to enter operation in 2020, Sibir in 2021 and Ural in 2022.
Ural was the last of the three to be unveiled - on 25 May at the Baltic Shipyard in Saint Petersburg. At the launch ceremony, Rosatom Director General Alexey Likhachov said Russia planned to add two more project 22220 ships to its nuclear icebreaker fleet by 2027, a contract for their construction was subsequently signed in August between Rosatomflot and the Baltic Shipyard.
"Last year, we successfully completed the production of reactor units for the first three icebreakers of the RITM-200 project, which has been a unique endeavour for our scientists, enabling serious improvements to the design of nuclear-powered ships, to make them more powerful and efficient," Andrey Nikipelov, general director of Atomenergomash, said.
"I'm certain that our cooperation, joint experience and competencies will make a significant contribution to the development of the Arctic and the Northern Sea Route," he added.
An RITM-200 reactor has an "energy-efficient integrated layout", which places the main equipment directly inside the casing of the steam generating unit, Rosatom said. This make the units twice as light, one-and-a-half times more compact and almost twice as powerful than units in the KLT icebreaker fleet. One fuel load for a RITM-200 unit is equivalent to 540,000 tonnes of Arctic diesel fuel, it said, with fuel reloads required once every seven years.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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It Costs $532,000 to Decommission A Single Wind Turbine
« Reply #94 on: November 26, 2019, 01:22:45 PM »
It looks like Minnesota will have a very expensive mess to clean up when the wind turbines currently operating in the state reach the end of their 20 year useful lifetimes.
According to utility documents filed by Xcel Energy for it’s Nobles Wind facility, it will cost approximately $445,000 (in 2009 dollars) per turbine to decommission the wind facility. This means it would cost $532,000 per turbine (in 2019 dollars) for each of the 134 turbines in operation at this facility, bringing the total cost of decommissioning the Nobles project to $71 million. However, Xcel also stated these estimates were conservative, meaning this likely represents the high-end cost of decommissioning.
Other wind turbines have six-figure decommissioning costs, as well. According to utility documents for the Palmer’s Creek Wind facility in Chippewa County, Minnesota, it would cost $7,385,822 to decommission the 18 wind turbines operating at that site, a cost of $410,000 per turbine.
One would think such a price tag would at least result in a thorough decommissioning job, but one would be wrong.
According to the Nobles Wind document, “Restoration activities will include and not be limited to removal of all physical material and equipment related to the project to a depth of 48 inches.”
This means Xcel will only remediate the site to a depth of four feet, leaving most of the massive concrete foundations, which go as deep as 15 feet, used to anchor the wind turbines , in the ground indefinitely.
Furthermore, according to the website Renewable Technology, Nobles Wind facility has an extensive underground collector cable system, laid at a depth of four feet, connecting the turbines to a central substation. Xcel’s documents were not specific enough to determine if they would be removing these cables, but the Palmer’s Wind Farm project explicitly states that cables deeper than 4 feet would not be removed:
Wind turbines and solar panels are often given a free pass when it comes to their impact on the environment even though they can cause substantial environmental degradation. In contrast, liberal politicians and special interest groups have continued to delay the replacement of an aging oil pipeline with a newer, and safer replacement.
This double standard is a disservice to Minnesotans who must pay more for their energy, and also the environment.
*This post has been updated to reflect the fact that Xcel Energy’s estimates were conservative on the high end, not the low end as had been previously implied.
https://www.americanexperiment.org/2019/10/it-costs-532000-to-decommission-a-single-wind-turbine/?fbclid=IwAR28TVP721hEZ8-w-Euy-LRg2WyTtn3jlHds47oD-J2bW_HVQhx2gg21iMs

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 8
« Reply #95 on: November 26, 2019, 09:18:15 PM »

HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 8
« Reply #96 on: November 26, 2019, 09:18:57 PM »

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 8
« Reply #97 on: November 26, 2019, 09:43:34 PM »
In the Fourth Quarter of 2019, 1,300 mwh of new solar capacity is being added to the Southeast (North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida).  Roughly the equivalent of a newly built nuclear plant.

600 mwh will be added in California and 900 mwh added in Texas.

Both Hawaii and Nevada now get over 14% of their electricity from solar while California now gets over 22% from the sun.

National Production:


 

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