header pic

Area51 Board (non-moderated) at College Football Fan Site, CFB51!!!

The 'Old' Scout-Tennessee a51 Crowd- Enjoy ROWDY discussion covering politics, religion, current events, and all things under the sun

Anyone is welcomed and encouraged to join our FREE site and to take part in our community- a community with you- the user, the fan, -and the person- will be protected from intrusive actions and with a clean place to interact.


Author

Topic: Electricity Update Pt 7

 (Read 4328 times)

HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 16972
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #84 on: May 26, 2019, 09:51:54 PM »
6% of Ohio Coal Capacity goes offline at the end of May.
About 45% of Ohio's electricity came from coal in Q1 of this year.
So if it was running a full capacity in Q1, that means that Ohio's electricity from coal should drop below 40% soon....

And another 12% of coal capacity goes offline in 2020.



https://www.powermag.com/aep-will-close-ohio-coal-plant-early/


SNIP:
American Electric Power (AEP) this week confirmed it will close its coal-fired Conesville Power Plant in Ohio earlier than originally planned. An AEP spokesperson in an email to media confirmed the plant’s workers were told October 5 that the plant will close by May 31, 2020.

AEP said Units 5 and 6 at the plant, which were originally scheduled to shut down in 2022, will likely close in May 2019. Unit 4 is scheduled to close in May 2020. Those three units began commercial operation between 1973 and 1978.
« Last Edit: May 26, 2019, 10:04:42 PM by HK_Vol »

HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 16972
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #85 on: May 26, 2019, 09:53:08 PM »
We could save a bunch of money if we finally opened Yucca Mountain.
That venue has been tied up in lawsuits for over 3 decades.


HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 16972
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #86 on: May 26, 2019, 09:59:40 PM »
40% of Arizona's coal capacity gets retired at the end of the year (Navajo Generating Station).

Presuming it runs at full capacity, that means that Arizona will go from 25% of electricity from coal in Q1 2019 to 15% from coal in Q1 2020....


HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 16972
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #87 on: May 26, 2019, 10:11:51 PM »
By 2025, Washington and Oregon will have zero electricity produced by coal.


DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 18363
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #88 on: May 26, 2019, 10:35:48 PM »
We could save a bunch of money if we finally opened Yucca Mountain.
That venue has been tied up in lawsuits for over 3 decades.
Recycle fuel rods and we could never fill it. Save money on fuel as well.
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 18363
  • Liked:
Nuclear is the key to hybrid energy systems
« Reply #89 on: May 30, 2019, 03:24:33 PM »
Halting climate change demands rapid and deep decarbonisation of energy systems, which go far beyond the electricity grid, Rauli Partanen, CEO of Think Atom told delegates at the Atomexpo conference held in Sochi, Russia last week. In a roundtable discussion - What mix of nuclear and renewables can best achieve sustainable development? - Partanen presented the challenges of clean hybrid energy systems.

In this context, 'system' means that system costs are calculated, externalities - such as particulates from burning coal - are included, and the quality of energy services provided is important, he said.
"An energy system includes all energy use and so not just electricity, which accounts for just over one-fifth, but also space heating, hot water and industrial process heat, which is about half of total energy use. In Europe, this totals about 6000 TWh per year. "The system also needs to include transportation fuels for those parts of the transportation system we fail to electrify," he said.
"Most of our energy systems today are hybrid because they have multiple energy systems and they also provide various energy services, but I think that we could focus 'hydbridisation' a bit more to use a single energy source to do multiple services, like combined heat and power and load following services for grid and storage and flexibility."
Challenges

 Clean hybrid energy systems face three main challenges, he said. The first of these is emissions, which would need to be less than 50g CO2/kWh, or less than 20g for heat. The lifecycle emissions from electricity generation from coal, gas and biomass with carbon, capture and storage is about 820g CO2/kWh, 490g CO2/kWh and 230g CO2/kWh, respectively. For large-scale solar and hydro it is 48g CO2/kWh and 24g CO2/kWh. Offshore wind and nuclear are equal at 12 g CO2/kWh.
The second challenge, pollution and health, requires limited particulate matter and pollution; that the energy generation is safe for public health, he said.
Fatalities by energy source per TWh produced are about 224 for coal, 52 for oil, 50 for biofuels, 50 for peat and 20 for natural gas. For hydro, wind and rooftop solar, the number of deaths is 1, 0.15 and 0.1. For nuclear, it is 0.04.
The third challenge, environmental footprint, acknowledges the environment, biodiversity and ecosystems, he said. Here, the power density of the energy source is important. Of renewable energy sources, including hydropower, the highest density can be achieved through solar power, at up to 10 W/sqm. That contrasts with nuclear, which can achieve up to 1000 W/sqm.
For these challenges, therefore, nuclear power is "the only one that ticks all the boxes", he said.
Issues

 The main issues to be addressed are physical, technological, economic and social.
The first of these concerns meeting demand with increasingly intermittent energy sources.
"Humans moved from renewable flows to fossil fuels for a reason," he said, since "on-demand energy dramatically increases productivity and quality of life". But "shifting demand in time and space has an exponentially increasing (opportunity) cost".
Nuclear is the most cost-effective way to decarbonise the system, he said.
The technological issue involves, for example, storing hydropower at grid scale when this resource has already been tapped in most of the Western World. "There is no guarantee that cheap grid-scale battery chemistry even exists," he said.
The economic issue is fourfold. As intermittent production increases, then demand management costs increase, the value of intermittent energy decreases and baseload energy costs increase. Secondly, these costs are not included, nor are they transparent, owing to subsidies, tax credits, tariffs, and portfolio standards, he said.
Thirdly, current market design does not value reliability, but "actually values things that destroy it". So, finally, the question is to re-design markets so that they more fairly value each energy source, he said.
The social question requires that climate mitigation efforts are based on equality and therefore who pays for it.
"Many well-meaning energy policies, renewable energy tariffs and subsidies have been inefficient and even counter-productive; they have been regressive, with the poor paying the rich; and they have eroded public and political willingness to mitigate climate change," he said. "There is the risk of eroding the public's will to mitigate climate change."
The problem is that most energy scenarios "manually limit" the share of nuclear power in their energy system models, namely by not building new plant, he said. "But if we want a clean, reliable and affordable energy system as fast as possible, then it's clear that nuclear needs to be a big part of it."
Think Atom produced a report earlier this month that studies the demand, supply and emissions reduction potential of heating Finland with small nuclear reactors.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 18363
  • Liked:
Lightbridge fuel development gains DOE funding
« Reply #90 on: June 01, 2019, 06:55:56 PM »
Framatome has received a voucher through the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Gateway for Accelerated Innovation in Nuclear (GAIN) programme to support development of Lightbridge Fuel in collaboration with Idaho National Laboratory (INL).

Lightbridge Fuel uses a helically-twisted shape and unique metallic composition which the company says can significantly reduce fuel operating temperatures, improve the fuel's structural integrity and enhance its response to abnormal events. Enfission - a joint venture of Lightbridge Corporation and Framatome - was set up in January 2018 to commercialise nuclear fuel assemblies based on this technology.
The GAIN initiative was launched in November 2015 to provide a way to fast-track nuclear innovation, providing stakeholders with a means of accessing DOE research and development infrastructure to help them meet the challenges of bringing new technologies towards engineering-scale demonstration.
This is Framatome's third GAIN voucher and its first supporting the Lightbridge Fuel design.
Framatome said its collaboration with INL under this GAIN voucher will "leverage the laboratory's experience in fuel and material development, as well as its performance knowledge, to facilitate Framatome's understanding of phenomena unique to uranium-zirconium metallic fuel".
Over a one-year period, Framatome and INL will work under the voucher to generate failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) and a phenomena identification ranking table (PIRT) based on the Lightbridge Fuel concept. Both the FMEA and PIRT are important steps in licensing an advanced fuel product in the USA and will be required inputs to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
For this work DOE will fund INL at a value of USD477,000.
"This voucher enables Framatome to apply focused attention on key licensing steps to commercialise Lightbridge Fuel," said Robert Freeman, vice president of contracts and services, fuel commercial and customer centre at Framatome. "We are enthusiastic about the transformative science and technology benefits of this metallic fuel's unique composition and geometry for the nuclear energy industry."
Enfission CEO Seth Grae said: "We appreciate this support from DOE for Lightbridge Fuel, which is designed to increase power output, enhance economics and provide additional safety benefits for existing and future reactors worldwide. We look forward to working closely with Framatome, INL and DOE to further advance Lightbridge Fuel toward commercialisation."
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 18363
  • Liked:
Further DOE funds for advanced nuclear technology projects
« Reply #91 on: June 04, 2019, 06:05:54 PM »
Share
The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected three projects in three states in its latest quarterly application review to receive funding for cost-shared research and development for advanced nuclear technologies. The three projects will receive a total of almost USD10.6 million.

The awards are through the US Industry Opportunities for Advanced Nuclear Technology Development, which is part of the Office of Nuclear Energy's funding opportunity announcement (FOA). This is the fifth round of funding through this FOA. The first, second and third groups were announced in April, July and November 2018, respectively. The fourth group was announced on 27 March this year. The total of the five rounds of awards is about USD128 million. Subsequent quarterly application review and selection processes will be conducted over the next four years.
Under the funding opportunity, solicitation for proposals is divided into three funding pathways: first-of-a-kind nuclear demonstration readiness projects; advanced reactor development projects; and, regulatory assistance grants.
The DOE announced yesterday that two projects had been selected to receive funding under the advanced reactor development projects pathway.
Utilities Service Alliance Inc of Overland Park, Kansas, is to receive DOE funding of USD9,183,255 to research, develop and deploy automation and advanced remote monitoring technology for the US nuclear fleet. This technology aims to achieve economic viability while maintaining or improving safety and reliability.
STP Nuclear Operating Company of Wadsworth, Texas - operator of the South Texas Project nuclear power plant - will receive USD942,477 to develop and implement advanced Fire PRA (probabilistic risk assessment) modelling techniques. These are aimed at removing existing conservatism and lead to realistic models to be used in the nuclear industry.
SC Solutions has been selected to receive USD470,483 in DOE funding under the regulatory assistance grants pathway. The Sunnyvale, California-based company will develop a non-linear soil-structure interaction analysis software verification and validation guidance document as a critical tool to facilitate cost reductions in nuclear plant licensing and construction.
The DOE said, "The projects are cost-shared and will allow industry-led teams, including participants from federal agencies, public and private laboratories, institutions of higher education, and other domestic entities, to advance the state of US commercial nuclear capability."
US Secretary of Energy Rick Perry said: "There are a lot of US companies working on technologies to make the next generation of nuclear reactors safer and highly competitive, and private-public partnerships will be key to accomplishing this goal. The Trump Administration is committed to reviving and revitalising the US nuclear industry, and these partnerships are needed to help successfully develop innovative domestic nuclear technologies."
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 18363
  • Liked:
US NRC set to certify APR-1400 reactor design
« Reply #92 on: June 09, 2019, 12:16:57 PM »
The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has said it will issue a direct final rule certifying the Korean-designed Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR-1400). The certification, valid for 15 years, will state that the NRC finds the design fully acceptable for deployment in the USA.

Korea Electric Power Corporation (Kepco) and its subsidiary Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power (KHNP) originally submitted the design to the NRC in September 2013. They then submitted a revised version of its application in December 2014. The NRC completed an acceptance check in March 2015 and ruled that the revised application was sufficiently complete for it to undertake a full design certification review.
The design certification process determines whether a reactor design meets US safety requirements, independent of any specific site or plan to build. It is a required step before a reactor design can be built in the USA, as it can be referenced in construction and operation licence (COL) applications for specific reactor projects.
The NRC announced yesterday that it has completed its review and will issue a rule certifying the APR-1400 design. The rule will become effective 120 days following publication in the Federal Register.
The NRC has already certified five other standard reactor designs: General Electric's Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR); Westinghouse's System 80+, AP600 and AP1000; and, GE's Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor. It is also reviewing applications to certify Mitsubishi's US Advanced Pressurised Water Reactor (US-APWR) and the NuScale small modular reactor. NRC staff are also reviewing an application to renew the ABWR certification.
The APR-1400 is an evolutionary pressurised water reactor with its origins in the CE System 80+ model. Principally designed by Korea Engineering Company (Kopec), it produces 1400 MWe and has a 60-year design life. It supercedes the standardised 995 MWe OPR-1400 design, of which South Korea built 12. The APR-1400 features improvements in operation, safety, maintenance and affordability based on accumulated experience as well as technological development. Design certification by the Korean Institute of Nuclear Safety was awarded in May 2003.
Construction of the first two APR-1400s - as units 3 and 4 of South Korea's Shin Kori plant - began in October 2008 and August 2009, respectively. Unit 3, which was originally scheduled to enter commercial operation at the end of 2013, eventually reached first criticality in December 2015, was connected to the grid in January 2016 and entered commercial operation in December that year. Unit 4 achieved first criticality on 8 April this year, with grid connection on 22 April.
Construction of two further APR-1400 reactors at Shin Kori - units 5 and 6 - began in April 2017 and September 2018, respectively. Unit 5 is scheduled to begin commercial operation in March 2022, with unit 6 following one year later. Two further APR-1400 units are under construction in South Korea as units 1 and 2 of the Shin Hanul site.
A further four APR-1400s are under construction at Barakah in the United Arab Emirates, with the first of those units scheduled to begin operation in 2020.
 
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 18363
  • Liked:
US regulator completes Clinch River site safety review
« Reply #93 on: June 18, 2019, 07:13:49 PM »
The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has published its final safety evaluation report on Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA's) application for an early site permit (ESP) for the potential use of a site at Clinch River for two or more small modular reactors. The regulator concluded there are no safety concerns to prevent issuing such a permit.

An ESP certifies that a site is suitable for the construction of a nuclear power plant from the point of view of site safety, environmental impact and emergency planning, but does not specify the choice of technology. The permit is valid for ten to 20 years, renewable for an additional ten to 20 years.
TVA submitted its ESP application for the Clinch River site to the NRC in May 2016. The application is for two or more small modular reactor (SMR) modules of up to 800 MWe at the 1200 acre (486 hectare) site near the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The proposed site hosted the former Clinch River Breeder Reactor Project. The NRC accepted the application for regulatory review in December of that year. It was the first SMR-related application of any type to be received by the NRC.
The NRC has now published its final safety evaluation report (FSER) on TVA's application. This, it said, "documents the staff's conclusions with respect to the ESP safety review and identifies items to be addressed by a future COL or construction permit applicant referencing the Clinch River Nuclear Site ESP."
Earlier this year, the NRC concluded there are no environmental impacts that would preclude issuing an ESP for Clinch River. With the publication of its safety review, the NRC's technical review of TVA's application is now complete.
SMR units, typically with a capacity of 300 MWe equivalent or less, are designed using modular technology and factory fabrication. This allows for economies of series production and short construction times. Multiple units can be installed at one location to provide the total required capacity. Such reactors are seen as potentially offering improved safety and security, as well as more standardisation, more site options and lower financing costs compared to conventional light-water reactors. TVA says SMRs could provide an important option for clean baseload energy for its generation portfolio.
The DOE is supporting the development and commercialisation of SMRs, which it sees playing an important role in addressing the country's energy security, economic and climate goals. TVA's ESP application has been developed with the support of the DOE SMR Licensing Technical Support program, which has also provided cost-shared financial assistance through an interagency agreement. The five-year agreement, finalised in July 2015, will also support a combined construction and operating licence (COL) application.
US government-owned TVA operates the Browns Ferry, Sequoyah and Watts Bar nuclear power plants.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

Cincydawg

  • Ombudsman for the Secret Order of the Odd Fellows
  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 28764
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #94 on: June 18, 2019, 07:19:09 PM »
Reprocess the fuel as we use to before Pres. Peanut Man - I swear Billy had to be smarter - Store the rest at Yucca mtn.


In October 1976,[8] concern of nuclear weapons proliferation (especially after India demonstrated nuclear weapons capabilities using reprocessing technology) led President Gerald Ford to issue a Presidential directive to indefinitely suspend the commercial reprocessing and recycling of plutonium in the U.S. On 7 April 1977, President Jimmy Carter banned the reprocessing of commercial reactor spent nuclear fuel. The key issue driving this policy was the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation by diversion of plutonium from the civilian fuel cycle, and to encourage other nations to follow the USA lead.[9][10][11] After that, only countries that already had large investments in reprocessing infrastructure continued to reprocess spent nuclear fuel. President Reagan lifted the ban in 1981, but did not provide the substantial subsidy that would have been necessary to start up commercial reprocessing.[12]


DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 18363
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #95 on: June 18, 2019, 07:46:11 PM »
If Dimmwhit had not stopped it many of the facilities
 would have kept up their work

Anybody that knows anything about reactor fuel knows that reactor fuel is not weapons grade.

Very little Plutonium in the fuel.

Diversion of Plutonium from a US site was virtually impossible, if you knew anything about how the facilities and safeguards were set up





 
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 16972
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #96 on: June 19, 2019, 12:15:30 AM »
Where solar makes sense....and where it doesn't.....

https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=39832


U.S. solar PV capacity and direct normal solar irradiance




HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 16972
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #97 on: June 19, 2019, 12:17:05 AM »
Current natural gas prices in Alberta?
25 cents per MMBtu!
No wonder we're seeing more utilities choose natural gas....

https://www.naturalgasintel.com/data/data_products/daily?location_id=CDNNOVA&region_id=canada



 

Associate Links/Search