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Topic: Electricity Update Pt 7

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DunkingDan

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DOE announces funds for overseas fusion research
« Reply #56 on: March 31, 2019, 06:05:35 PM »
The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science has announced USD30 million of funding for experimental research on magnetic fusion energy science at to be carried out at international tokamak facilities.

Research will be conducted by US scientists using existing facilities in the European Union, South Korea and other countries that have existing bilateral agreements with the USA, the DOE said. The awards will support both multiple- and single-institution research teams to conduct bilateral research on facilities with capabilities not available domestically. Such collaborations will take advantage of the "unique capabilities" of the most advanced international research facilities and allow the US fusion programme to gain the knowledge needed to operate long duration plasma discharges in ITER and other fusion facilities, according to the funding opportunity announcement.
James Van Dam, DOE acting associate director of science for fusion energy sciences, said research on tokamaks in the European Union and Asia would enable the US fusion programme to gain the knowledge needed to operate long-duration plasma discharges in future fusion energy devices.
"US scientists and engineers are working closely with research laboratories overseas to make optimal use of fusion facilities that can take decades to design, construct, and commission," he said.
National laboratories, universities and private industry will be eligible for the three-year awards from the DOE Office of Science. Recipients will be selected on the basis of peer review.
Tokamaks use a strong toroidal - or doughnut-shaped - magnetic field to confine a hot plasma in which fusion takes place, and is the leading candidate currently being studied in pursuit of a fusion power plant based on magnetic plasma confinement.
Several tokamaks have been built, including the Joint European Torus and the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak in the UK, and the KSTAR (Korean Superconducting Tokamak Reactor) at the National Fusion Research Institute in Daejeon, South Korea. KSTAR produced its first plasma in mid-2008 and is a pilot device for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor project, which is under construction in Cadarache, France.
QIS funding for fusion research

 The DOE has also announced USD6million for research in Quantum Information Science (QIS) with relevance to fusion energy and plasma science, its first awards in this area. According to the DOE Office of Science, QIS is an emerging multidisciplinary field that seeks to harness exotic quantum effects of matter for computing, information processing, sensing and other applications.

Research to be supported will include the use of quantum computing to solve fusion and plasma science problems; the development of quantum sensing approaches that can enhance diagnostic capabilities for plasma and fusion science; and the application of high-energy density laboratory plasmas to develop quantum materials at ultra-high pressures.
The funding is expected to be competition-based three-year grants of USD50,000 to USD1 million per year. Universities, non-profit organisations, private sector companies and DOE national laboratories are eligible to apply
   
Researched and written by World Nuclear News
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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THE BIG PICTURE: Cost of Power Comparison
« Reply #57 on: April 05, 2019, 01:00:21 PM »
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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NRC recommends issuing early site permit for Clinch River Nuclear Site
« Reply #58 on: April 09, 2019, 07:42:02 PM »
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has issued a final environmental impact statement, and the staff has recommended, based upon the environmental review, issuing an early site permit for the Clinch River Nuclear Site in west Oak Ridge, where two or more small modular nuclear reactors could be built.
The final environmental impact statement, or EIS, was issued by the NRC on April 3. A notice of the EIS and the staff’s recommendation were published in the Federal Register on Monday, April 8.
The 935-acre Clinch River Nuclear Site is located in Roane County along the Clinch River.
 
An application for the early site permit was submitted by the Tennessee Valley Authority in May 2016. A draft EIS was published last year, and in June, the NRC had public meetings in Kingston to discuss its draft conclusion that environmental impacts would be small enough to allow the early site permit to be issued.
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President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Site approval for Egyptian nuclear power plant
« Reply #59 on: April 11, 2019, 07:59:32 PM »
Egypt's Nuclear Power Plants Authority (NPPA) has received a site approval permit for the El Dabaa site from the Egyptian Nuclear Regulation and Radiological Authority (ENRRA). The permit acknowledges that the site and its specific conditions comply with national and international requirements.

The site approval permit marked the achievement of the first major milestone in the licensing process for the El Dabaa plant, the NPPA said. The approval was issued in early March following a "detailed comprehensive review" by ENRRA of the application documents submitted by the NPPA in 2017, the authority added. These included: data about the reactor installation; site data and characteristics; design basis and concept; and a project Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report reviewed by the Environmental Affairs Agency.
To support the review, the government of Egypt had invited an independent review mission by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the NPPA said. This focused on the Site Evaluation Report and the radiological part of the EIA report, and was provided within the framework of a Site and External Events Design (SEED) review mission held in late January. The review paid specific attention to safety-related site characteristics and external natural and human-induced hazards, including earthquakes, tsunamis, and human induced external events, the NPPA said.
"Issuance of the Site Approval Permit is an acknowledgement that the El Dabaa site and its specific conditions comply with national and IAEA requirements for NPP [nuclear power plant] sites," the NPPA said. "Site specific conditions must be appropriately considered in the design of the NPP to ensure the future safe and reliable operation of the nuclear installations."
The site approval permit is issued for four nuclear units. All other permits within the nuclear licensing process are issued for each unit separately, the NPPA said. The site approval permit is a condition for obtaining the next licensing document: a construction permit authorising the implementation of any nuclear related works at the El Dabaa site.
Four Russian-designed VVER-1200 pressurised water reactors are planned for El Dabaa, which is on the Mediterranean coast, 170 kilometres west of Alexandria and Zafraana on the Gulf of Suez. Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom is to develop the plant, which will be owned and operated by the NPPA. With a nameplate capacity of 4.8GWe, the plant is expected to account for up to 50% of Egypt’s power generation capacity to meet the country’s increasing demand for electricity, according to Rosatom.
 
Researched and written by World Nuclear News
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Nuclear vital to decarbonisation, finds MIT study
« Reply #60 on: April 13, 2019, 06:59:40 PM »
The challenge of climate change will be more difficult and costly to solve unless nuclear energy is included in the energy mix, according to a newly released study from the Massachussetts Institute of Technology Energy Initiative (MITEI).

The future of nuclear energy in a carbon-constrained world, released today at an event in London, analyses the reasons behind a slowdown in nuclear energy growth and outlines measures that could be taken to arrest or reverse that trend, including moves to reduce the cost of building new nuclear capacity and creating a level playing field that would allow all low-carbon generation technologies to compete on their merits.
The study was led by MIT researchers in collaboration with Idaho National Laboratory and the University of Madison-Wisconsin, and is the eighth in a series exploring the role of technologies in meeting rapidly growing energy demand in a carbon-constrained world. The studies are intended to serve as guides to researchers, policymakers and industry.
"Our analysis demonstrates that realising nuclear energy's potential is essential to achieving a deeply decarbonised energy future in many regions of the world," study co-chair Jacopo Buongiorno, associate department head of the Nuclear Science and Engineering Department at MIT, said. "Incorporating new policy and business models, as well as innovations in construction that may make deployment of cost-effective nuclear power plants more affordable, could enable nuclear energy to help meet the growing global demand for energy generation while decreasing emissions to address climate change," he added.
The world is facing the challenge of drastically reducing emissions of greenhouse gases while simultaneously expanding energy access and economic opportunity to billions of people, the report notes. The electricity sector, with current emissions averaging about 500 grams carbon dioxide per kilowatt hour (gCO2/kWh), has been widely identified as an early candidate for deep decarbonisation, with 2050 targets as low as 50 gCO2/kWh widely discussed in international policy deliberations.
For most regions, meeting projected 2050 demands while reducing emissions will require a mix of electrical generation assets that is different to the current system, the report notes.
"While a variety of low- or zero-carbon technologies can be employed in various combinations, our analysis shows the potential contribution nuclear can make as a dispatchable low-carbon technology. Without that contribution, the cost of achieving deep decarbonisation targets increases significantly," the study finds.
Despite this promise, the prospects for the expansion of nuclear energy remain "decidedly dim" in many parts of the world, the study finds. The fundamental reason for this, it says, is cost, with new nuclear plants becoming costlier: a "disturbing trend [which] undermines nuclear energy's potential contribution and increases the cost of achieving deep decarbonisation".
To address this, the report discusses recommendations for nuclear plant construction, current and future reactor technologies, business models and policies, and reactor safety, regulation and licensing.
Changes in reactor construction, with an increased focus on using proven project and construction management practices to ensure the completion of projects on time and within budget, and the deployment of serially manufactured, standardised plants, would help to address cost concerns. This is applicable across all reactor concepts and designs, the study notes.
"Cost-cutting opportunities are pertinent to evolutionary Generation-III LWRs, small modular reactors, and Generation-IV reactors. Without design standardisation and innovations in construction approaches, we do not believe the inherent technological features of any of the advanced reactors will produce the level of cost reductions needed to make nuclear electricity competitive with other generation options," it says.
Public concern and policy issues

As well as cost, the growth of nuclear energy has been hindered by public concerns about the consequences of severe accidents. A shift towards reactor designs incorporating inherent and passive safety features - which could include core materials with high chemical and physical stability and engineered safety systems that require limited or no emergency AC power and minimal external intervention - are recommended to address safety concerns. As well as reducing the probability of severe accidents and mitigating offsite consequences in the event of an incident, such designs can also ease the licensing of new plants and accelerate their global deployment, the study finds.
The study's final recommendations are actions to be taken by policymakers, including the creation of a level playing field where factors such as the value of reducing CO2 emissions, which are external to the market, are taken into account.
"Policies that foreclose a role for nuclear energy discourage investment in nuclear technology. This may raise the cost of decarbonisation and slow progress towards climate change mitigation goals," it notes.
Incorporating CO2 emissions into electricity costs - for example through the implementation of zero-emission credits such as those introduced in New York and New Jersey - would recognise value to all "climate-friendly" energy technologies, it says.
"Nuclear generators, both existing plants and new builds, would be among the beneficiaries of a level, competitive playing field," the study says.
Governments should establish and support sites where companies can deploy prototype reactors for testing and operation, the study recommends. They should also establish funding programmes to support the development, demonstration and deployment of new nuclear technologies through: shared regulatory licensing costs; shared research and development costs; funding for the achievement of technical milestones; and production credits to reward the successful demonstration of new designs.
       
Researched and written by World Nuclear News
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

Cincydawg

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #61 on: April 13, 2019, 07:12:11 PM »
https://www.world-nuclear-news.org/Articles/Increased-productivity-at-Vogtle-construction-site

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"Significant progress" during 2018 with the construction of Vogtle 3 and 4 means Southern Company expects the two AP1000 units to be completed on schedule and to budget, the company said during its fourth quarter results call.
The Vogtle 3 and 4 project is now about 74% complete, he announced.




HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #62 on: April 14, 2019, 11:15:40 PM »
I had no idea that Tennessee was one of the nation's top 5 electricity importers....

https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=38912


HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #63 on: April 14, 2019, 11:18:27 PM »














DunkingDan

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #64 on: April 15, 2019, 07:14:59 PM »
I had no idea that Tennessee was one of the nation's top 5 electricity importers....

https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=38912


Lots of power plans have been shut down in Tn. due to age and PC
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Re: NRC recommends issuing early site permit for Clinch River Nuclear Site
« Reply #65 on: April 15, 2019, 07:49:37 PM »
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has issued a final environmental impact statement, and the staff has recommended, based upon the environmental review, issuing an early site permit for the Clinch River Nuclear Site in west Oak Ridge, where two or more small modular nuclear reactors could be built.
The final environmental impact statement, or EIS, was issued by the NRC on April 3. A notice of the EIS and the staff’s recommendation were published in the Federal Register on Monday, April 8.
The 935-acre Clinch River Nuclear Site is located in Roane County along the Clinch River.
 
An application for the early site permit was submitted by the Tennessee Valley Authority in May 2016. A draft EIS was published last year, and in June, the NRC had public meetings in Kingston to discuss its draft conclusion that environmental impacts would be small enough to allow the early site permit to be issued.
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This could be the early stages of a new push for nuke pwr for the valley 
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Dominion Brokers 10-Year Deal to Keep Millstone Nuclear Plant Open
« Reply #66 on: April 18, 2019, 07:21:35 PM »
onnecticut Gov. Ned Lamont on April 15 announced the Millstone Nuclear Power Station will stay open for at least another decade, thanks to a deal between Dominion, the plant’s owner, and utilities Eversource and United Illuminating, a subsidiary of Avangrid.
Millstone, like other U.S. nuclear power plants, has been challenged by rising operating costs and competition from other power sources in recent years, primarily natural gas-fired generation. Virginia-based Dominion had threatened to close Millstone, a 2,088-MW plant with two reactors that entered service in 1975 and 1986, respectively, with company officials saying the plant was no longer economic to operate.
Entergy closed the Vermont Yankee nuclear plant at the end of 2014. The Pilgrim Nuclear Generating Station in Plymouth, Massachusetts, is scheduled to close this year.
“We had to make a deal, and we made a good deal,” Lamont said at a ceremony announcing details of the Millstone agreement, which was first announced in mid-March. “We made a good deal that was good for the ratepayers, good for the future of the state of Connecticut, good for the environment, and good for stability of this region going forward.”
“Today, we’re really celebrating a Millstone milestone,” said Katie Dykes, a commissioner with the state’s Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP), after Monday’s announcement.
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President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Russia expects operating licence for floating plant in July
« Reply #67 on: April 27, 2019, 01:59:41 PM »
After a series of successful and comprehensive tests, including on its twin KLT-40 reactor system, the floating nuclear power plant Akademik Lomonosov is ready to start commercial operations, Russia's Rosatom announced today.

Akademik Lomonosov is 144 metres in length, 30 metres wide and has a displacement of 21,000 tonnes.
The plant's two reactors were successfully brought up to 100% capacity on 31 March. These tests confirmed the operational stability of the main and auxiliary equipment of the plant, as well as the automatic process control systems, Rosatom said.
Andrei Petrov, director general of Rosenergoatom, Rosatom operator subsidiary, said an acceptance certificate for the unit would now be issued by the regulatory authorities with a view to the granting of an operating licence in July.
At the same time, onshore and hydraulic structures for the plant, as well as infrastructure ensuring the transmission of electricity to the local grid and heating for the city’s network, are scheduled to be completed by the end of this year in Pevek, which is the Chukotka region of northern Russia. Engineering work is running to schedule, Rosatom said.
The plant is scheduled to be towed to the Port of Pevek during the summer shipping season where it will replacing the outgoing capacities of the Bilibino nuclear power plant and the Chaunskaya combined heat and power plant. It is expected to be connected to the power grid in December.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #68 on: April 28, 2019, 12:46:38 AM »
Pretty cool.....who'd a thunk it?


https://hardware.slashdot.org/story/19/04/25/2230229/caffeine-gives-perovskite-solar-cells-an-energy-boost-study-says

SNIP:
UCLA professor Yang Yang's lab chock-full of coffee drinkers spent several years searching for a stability-enhancing additive to turn famously unstable perovskite PV cells into a useful product. Then, on a lark, Yang's graduate student Rui Wang suggested they try adding caffeine to the mix. To the team's surprise, caffeine produced longer lasting and more powerful solar cells.

DunkingDan

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 7
« Reply #69 on: April 28, 2019, 10:34:33 AM »
Pretty cool.....who'd a thunk it?


https://hardware.slashdot.org/story/19/04/25/2230229/caffeine-gives-perovskite-solar-cells-an-energy-boost-study-says

SNIP:
UCLA professor Yang Yang's lab chock-full of coffee drinkers spent several years searching for a stability-enhancing additive to turn famously unstable perovskite PV cells into a useful product. Then, on a lark, Yang's graduate student Rui Wang suggested they try adding caffeine to the mix. To the team's surprise, caffeine produced longer lasting and more powerful solar cells.
~8)
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

 

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