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Topic: Electricity Update Pt 4

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DunkingDan

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Eni supports commercial fusion initiative
« Reply #28 on: March 12, 2018, 07:32:51 PM »
2 March 2018

A collaboration between the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and private company Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) is aiming for the rapid commercialisation of nuclear fusion energy, with support from Italian energy company Eni.
A visualisation of the SPARC tokamak (Image: Ken Filar, PSFC)
[color][size]

The MIT-CFS collaboration aims to build a compact device capable of generating 100 MW of fusion power, which will demonstrate "technical milestones" needed to achieve a full-scale prototype fusion power plant. The project was conceived by researchers from MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC), and aims within three years to develop superconducting electromagnets from a newly available material - a steel tape coated with an yttrium-barium-copper oxide compound. Use of this material drastically reduces cost, timeline and the organisational complexity required to build fusion energy devices, the researchers claim.

Once the superconducting magnets are available, MIT and CFS say they will design and build a "compact and powerful" 100 MW fusion experiment called SPARC. This will produce heat, but not electricity, and provide a demonstration for eventual establishment of a 200 MWe fusion power plant. Such power plants could then be demonstrated "within 15 years", according to the project's leaders.
Italian energy company Eni has now agreed to acquire an equity stake in MIT spin-out company CFS with an initial investment of USD50 million, and says it will support the company in its efforts to develop a commercial fusion power plant. It has also signed an agreement with MIT, through the institute's Energy Intiative, allowing the company to carry out jointly research programmes on plasma physics and advanced fusion and electromagnets technologies.
"Thanks to this agreement, Eni is taking a significant step forward towards the development of alternative energy sources with an ever lower environmental impact. Fusion is the true energy source of the future, as it is completely sustainable, does not release emissions or long-term waste, and is potentially inexhaustible," Eni CEO Claudio Descalzi said. "It is a goal that we are increasingly determined to reach quickly," he added.
Eni's acquisition of its stake in CFS is to be completed by the second quarter of this year. [/size][/color]
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Saudis Enlist Washington Lobbyists in Bid for Nuclear Plants
« Reply #29 on: March 13, 2018, 05:16:39 PM »
Saudi Arabia is enlisting blue-chip lobbyists in Washington as it prepares for a fight over its ambition to build nuclear power plants.


Three law firms have filed disclosures saying they’re advising the kingdom on the issue, as American and Saudi leaders negotiate the contours of a possible nuclear technology-sharing agreement that could allow the enrichment of uranium.


The flurry of registrations underscores the high stakes in Saudi Arabia’s bid to build as many as 16 nuclear reactors over the next quarter century.
More at https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-09/saudi-arabia-enlists-lobbyists-in-quest-to-build-nuclear-plants 
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #30 on: March 15, 2018, 11:10:16 PM »
http://www.thedetroitbureau.com/2018/03/gms-use-of-wind-power-continues-to-grow/

SNIP:
GM shut down a coal-fired power plant that it had operated in Flint back in 2008 even before it began moving towards the wider use of alternative energy as a matter of corporate policy.

When construction of a wind farm in Ohio is complete this summer, 100% of the power to all of the company’s manufacturing operations in Ohio and Indiana will be matched with renewable energy, according to GM spokeswoman Carolyn Markey

At that point, renewable energy will power 20% of GM’s global electricity use. An expansion of wind energy also will power the Arlington Assembly plant in Texas with 100% renewable energy starting this fall.

GM use electricity generated with gas from nearby landfill to provide about 50% of the electricity for the Orion Assembly in Orion Township, Michigan, where the Chevy Bolt EV is built and in Fort Wayne, Ind. the company’s big factory for building pick-up trucks co-generates about 20% electricity using landfill gas, she noted in an email.


Consumers Energy, Michigan’s largest utility, said 10% of the energy it delivers to customers now comes from renewable sources. Consumers Energy also recently announced that more than 40% of the energy it produces will come from renewable sources and energy storage units by 2040.

The energy provider’s new clean energy goals also include reducing carbon emissions by 80% and no longer using coal to generate electricity by 2040.

DunkingDan

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Canada to boost nuclear power to help meet climate target
« Reply #31 on: March 16, 2018, 07:22:24 PM »
Canada, the second largest producer of uranium, will boost its reliance on nuclear energy to reduce its carbon footprint and will encourage other nations to do the same, public broadcaster CBC said Thursday.

The move would mark a change in the climate strategy Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's government unveiled just last December, which did not mention nuclear energy.
In May, Canada is expected to promote nuclear energy at a forum in Denmark, seizing the opportunity to "place nuclear energy at the center of global efforts to fight climate change," Natural Resources Parliamentary Secretary Kim Rudd said in a speech quoted by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC).
"The CEM (Clean Energy Ministerial) meets again in Copenhagen in May and we have ensured that nuclear energy has its place as part of a broad and high-level discussion on a global transition to a low-carbon economy," she said.
The Canadian department of natural resources was not immediately available for comment.
Although nuclear energy does not emit greenhouse gases like the fossil fuels that cause global warming, it is controversial because of the toxic waste produced.
 

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-03-canada-boost-nuclear-power-climate.html#jCp
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #32 on: March 17, 2018, 09:28:55 AM »
Well....for what it worth, I had a conversation with a friend of mine, who used to be a Director of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited for over a decade, and he was shockingly pessimistic on the future of nuclear of in Canada.  Maybe things have changed in the last 5 or so years.  We keep missing each other when I visit Toronto of late...  Hopefully, I'll see him this summer and I can catch up on his current views.

DunkingDan

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Middle East nuclear power to quadruple in ten years
« Reply #33 on: March 17, 2018, 06:18:47 PM »
Nuclear electricity generation capacity in the Middle East is expected to increase from 3.6 gigawatts this year to 14.1 GWe by 2028 thanks to new construction start-ups and recent agreements between Middle Eastern countries and nuclear vendors, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) said yesterday. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) will lead near-term growth by installing 5.4 GWe of nuclear capacity by 2020, it said.
Nuclear power plants in the Middle East (Image: EIA)

The projections follow the EIA's International Energy Outlook, published last September, which presents an assessment of international energy markets through to 2050.
"The growth in nuclear capacity in the Middle East is largely attributable to countries in the region seeking to enhance energy security by reducing reliance on fossil fuel resources," the EIA said, noting that fossil fuels accounted for 97% of electricity production in the region last year, with natural gas accounting for about 66% of electricity generation and oil for 31%. The remaining 3% comes from nuclear, hydropower, and other renewables.
Middle East countries are also adopting nuclear generation to meet increasing electricity demand resulting from population and economic growth, the EIA noted. Regional electricity production was more than 1 terawatt hour last year, and EIA expects electricity demand to increase 30% by 2028. This growth rate is higher than the global average of 18% over the same period, and higher than the 24% expected growth in non-OECD countries.
Developments
 
The EIA listed the five key developments in the region.
Iran is building a two-unit nuclear plant, Bushehr-II, which is designed to add 1.8 GWe of nuclear capacity when completed in about 2026. Bushehr-I facility, which came online in 2011, was the first nuclear power plant in the Middle East. It has one 1000 MWe reactor unit producing about 5.9 GWh of electricity per year.
The UAE is constructing the four-unit Barakah nuclear power plant, which is expected to be completed by the end of 2020. The 1300 MWe Barakah unit 1, which was started in 2012 and completed last year, is expected to begin electricity production by the middle of this year.
Turkey began construction of the Akkuyu nuclear power plant late last year. This is a four-unit facility designed to add 4800 MWe of nuclear capacity to Turkey's generation mix. The first reactor unit is scheduled to be completed by 2025.
Saudi Arabia is planning to build its first nuclear power plant and is expected to award a construction contract for a 2800 GWe facility by the end of this year. It has solicited from five vendors from China, France, Russia, South Korea and the USA to carry out the engineering, procurement, and construction work on two nuclear reactors. Construction is expected to begin in about 2021 at one of the two proposed sites - either Umm Huwayd or Khor Duweihin.
 
Jordan plans to install a two-unit 2000 MWe nuclear plant and has been conducting nuclear feasibility studies with Russia’s Rosatom since 2016. In early 2017, Jordan solicited bids for supplying turbines and electrical systems, and construction is expected to start next year and to be completed by 2024.
http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NP-Middle-East-nuclear-power-to-quadruple-in-ten-years-06031801.html#.Wp9LNKNfBaU.facebook
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #34 on: March 19, 2018, 11:43:08 PM »

http://energy.mit.edu/news/mit-energy-conference-speakers-say-transformation-can-happen-fast/

MIT Energy Conference speakers say transformation can happen fast
New technologies, systems, and business models are rapidly changing the energy landscape, experts attest

SNIP:
In the opening keynote talk Tony Seba, co-founder of ReThink X and author of the book, “Clean Disruption of Energy and Transformation,” kicked off the event on an upbeat note that carried through many of the event’s keynote talks and panel discussions. He reflected on the increasingly rapid adoptions of transformative technologies over time, from cars replacing horses on the streets a century ago to the explosion of smartphones in the last decade.

Seba listed several promising trends in low-emissions technologies for power production and storage, as well as in economic and regulatory models. For example, when a Colorado utility recently put out bids to replace the generating capacity of two large coal plants, they got bids for far more capacity than they needed — with the vast majority of prices for wind or solar power plus storage actually lower than those of coal power in the state.

“It’s over, people!” Seba said. “Solar and wind power plus storage is already the cheapest by far.” As a result, he said, these greenhouse-gas-free options will inevitably take over the energy market, for purely economic reasons. Some other experts, including some of the conference’s other speakers, foresee a slower and more difficult path away from fossil fuels. But when truly disruptive new technologies come along, Seba said, “It’s usually the experts and the insiders and the mainstream analysts who dismiss it.” As an example, he showed how, year after year, the International Energy Agency’s projections of the future growth of installed solar capacity have lagged far behind the actual results.

DunkingDan

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Eni supports commercial fusion initiative
« Reply #35 on: March 21, 2018, 11:48:02 AM »
A collaboration between the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and private company Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) is aiming for the rapid commercialisation of nuclear fusion energy, with support from Italian energy company Eni.
A visualisation of the SPARC tokamak (Image: Ken Filar, PSFC)

The MIT-CFS collaboration aims to build a compact device capable of generating 100 MW of fusion power, which will demonstrate "technical milestones" needed to achieve a full-scale prototype fusion power plant. The project was conceived by researchers from MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC), and aims within three years to develop superconducting electromagnets from a newly available material - a steel tape coated with an yttrium-barium-copper oxide compound. Use of this material drastically reduces cost, timeline and the organisational complexity required to build fusion energy devices, the researchers claim.

Once the superconducting magnets are available, MIT and CFS say they will design and build a "compact and powerful" 100 MW fusion experiment called SPARC. This will produce heat, but not electricity, and provide a demonstration for eventual establishment of a 200 MWe fusion power plant. Such power plants could then be demonstrated "within 15 years", according to the project's leaders.
Italian energy company Eni has now agreed to acquire an equity stake in MIT spin-out company CFS with an initial investment of USD50 million, and says it will support the company in its efforts to develop a commercial fusion power plant. It has also signed an agreement with MIT, through the institute's Energy Intiative, allowing the company to carry out jointly research programmes on plasma physics and advanced fusion and electromagnets technologies.
"Thanks to this agreement, Eni is taking a significant step forward towards the development of alternative energy sources with an ever lower environmental impact. Fusion is the true energy source of the future, as it is completely sustainable, does not release emissions or long-term waste, and is potentially inexhaustible," Eni CEO Claudio Descalzi said. "It is a goal that we are increasingly determined to reach quickly," he added.
 
Eni's acquisition of its stake in CFS is to be completed by the second quarter of this year. 
http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Eni-supports-commercial-fusion-initiative-1203188.html
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Reactor vessel installation under way at Hongyanhe 5
« Reply #36 on: March 24, 2018, 10:39:46 AM »
The reactor pressure vessel for unit 5 of the Hongyanhe nuclear power plant has been delivered to the construction site in China's Liaoning province. Installation of the component began immediately.
The reactor vessel arrives at the Hongyanhe site (Image: CGN)

The vessel - measuring 13 meters in height, 4m in diameter and weighing over 300 tonnes - arrived by ship at the Hongyanhe site on 18 March. On arrival, the component - manufactured by Shanghai Electric Nuclear Power Equipment Co Ltd - was transported directly to the nuclear island gantry of unit 5. China General Nuclear (CGN) said work to install the vessel began straight away.
CGN said this marks the start of peak installation of the main equipment for the unit's nuclear island.
Unit 5 is the first of two 1080 MWe CGN-designed ACPR-1000 reactors that will form the second phase of the Hongyanhe plant.
Construction of Phase I of the plant, comprising four CPR-1000 pressurised water reactors, began in August 2009. Units 1 and 2 have been in commercial operation since June 2013 and May 2014, respectively, while unit 3 entered commercial operation in August 2015 and unit 4 in September 2016.
A ceremony to mark the breaking of ground for Phase II of the Hongyanhe plant was held in July 2010. Following a suspension in new reactor approvals and licensing in response to the March 2011 accident at Japan's Fukushima Daiichi plant, CGN eventually received approval from the National Development and Reform Commission in March 2015 to build Hongyanhe units 5 and 6. This marked the first approval for new reactors in four years.
Construction of unit 5 began on 29 March 2015, with construction of unit 6 starting in July the same year. Installation of the reactor pressure vessel of unit 6 is scheduled to begin by the end of this year. CGN said the second phase of the project is planned to be completed in 2021.
The Hongyanhe plant is owned and operated by Liaoning Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Co, a joint venture between CGN and State Power Investment Corporation, each holding a 45% stake, with the Dalian Municipal Construction Investment Co holding the remaining 10%.
   
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President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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UK firm sees year-end launch of pulsed power device
« Reply #37 on: March 25, 2018, 04:00:50 PM »
First Light Fusion (FLF) is investing GBP3.6 million (USD5.0 million) building what it says will be the only pulsed power machine of its scale in the world dedicated to researching fusion energy. The Oxford, England-based company said on 12 March it expects to commission the device - Machine 3 - by the end of this year.
A rendering of Machine 3 (Image: First Light Fusion)

FLF aims to achieve 'gain' before seeking to demonstrate the commercial viability of the technology to produce safe, efficient and environmentally friendly baseload energy around the world. The fusion energy gain factor, usually expressed with the symbol Q, is the ratio of fusion power produced in a nuclear fusion reactor to the power required to maintain the plasma in steady state.
"The pressures and velocities that we will be able to access with this machine will massively extend the development of our fusion target designs," Nicholas Hawker, Founder and CEO of FLF said.
"We are confident that we will reach our present goal of demonstrating fusion. Beyond that, the experimental platform that we can build with this machine will give us critical insights into the next step, which is to demonstrate gain."
Machine 3 will be capable of discharging up to 200,000 volts and in excess of 14 million ampere - the equivalent of nearly 500 simultaneous lightning strikes - within two microseconds, the company said. It will use some 3km of high voltage cables and another 10km of diagnostic cables.
Machine 3 will be used to further research FLF's technology as the company seeks to achieve first fusion. The next step in the technological development will be to achieve gain, whereby the amount of energy created outstrips that used to spark the reaction, it said.
It uses a high-velocity projectile to create a shockwave to collapse a cavity containing plasma inside a 'target'. The design of these targets is the company’s "technical USP", FLF said.
The only example of inertial confinement found on Earth is the pistol shrimp, which clicks its claw to produce a shockwave that stuns its prey, the company said. The only other naturally occurring inertial confinement phenomenon is a supernova. The reaction created by the collapsing cavity is what creates energy, which can then be captured and used, it added.
Fusion has already been demonstrated by other approaches, FLF noted. The two most advanced are the tokamak and laser-driven inertial fusion.
ITER, being built in the south of France, will be the world's largest tokamak, aiming to demonstrate gain. The National Ignition Facility in California is the world's most energetic laser and is also aiming to demonstrate gain.
Both these projects have encountered "substantial difficulties", FLF said, both relating to the fusion process itself but also the complexity of the engineering required. FLF must demonstrate fusion before then undertaking an equivalent gain-scale experiment, it added.
If First Light succeeds in the fundamental demonstration of fusion, however, the pathway to gain and a power plant is "potentially much simpler, quicker and cheaper than these mainstream approaches", it said.
Hawker said FLF looked forward to welcoming its collaborators from the high energy density physics community to work with it on its experiments.
"All of this has been achieved at a drastically reduced cost when compared with other alternative technology choices," he said.
FLF Ltd, which researches energy generation via inertial confinement fusion, was spun out from the University of Oxford in July 2011, with seed capital from the IP Group plc, Parkwalk Advisors Ltd and a number of Angel investors. Until May 2014, the company was named Oxyntix Ltd.
     
Researched and written
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President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #38 on: March 26, 2018, 05:34:25 AM »
http://www.aweablog.org/huge-new-record-southwest-power-pool/

SNIP:
The Southwest Power Pool (SPP) just set a huge new wind penetration record: on March 16 a little over 60 percent of the system’s electricity came from wind power. That’s a big deal for a system that provides electricity to customers across 14 states.

SPP serves many states right smack in the middle of the country where wind continues to grow– Iowa, Kansas, and Oklahoma, among others—so it’s no surprise that wind has routinely smashed penetration records over the past few months. In fact, SPP reports that wind has broken penetration records “six or seven” times in the past 90 days alone.

“Wind projects are costing only a fourth or less than what it cost to bring those online a decade ago because the technology has improved. The price of production has come down,” said Jim Roth, formerly a commissioner with the Oklahoma Corporation. “And, through the geographical diversity of the Southwest Power Pool’s footprint, the wind always is blowing somewhere,” boosting wind’s reliability.

Wind at these levels also saves consumers money. “That 60 percent getting dispatched Friday morning was the cheapest form of electricity on the grid,” Roth explained.

Importantly, wind at these high levels can be reliably integrated as technology continues to advance. That is upending the assumptions of just a few years ago.

“Looking back 10 years ago, we wouldn’t have thought this was possible,” said SPP’s Derek Wingfield. “We thought about 25 percent of wind penetration would be about all that anyone could handle reliably.”

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DunkingDan

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #40 on: March 26, 2018, 12:52:23 PM »

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=62&v=CoRSQs79Xx8
The video is so misleading on so many fronts I hardly would know where to begin 
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

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Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #41 on: March 26, 2018, 08:41:24 PM »
For the month of January, over 24% of all electricity produced in the Midwest came from wind.

Midwest = Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota.

If you exclude Texas (only 17%), the remaining states produced 34.3% of their electricity from wind.

No outages or stresses that I heard of....

And Texas is increasing their capacity by another 20% (under construction) - so they'll be north of 20% from wind in the next year or two.  And Oklahoma and Nebraska have new construction under way to add 20% to their current capacity as well.... Wyoming (currently 11%) is adding another 200% to their current capacity.  Iowa (currently 41%) is adding another 10% - so they'll soon be at 45%.




 

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