header pic

Area51 Board (non-moderated) at College Football Fan Site, CFB51!!!

The 'Old' Scout-Tennessee a51 Crowd- Enjoy ROWDY discussion covering politics, religion, current events, and all things under the sun

Anyone is welcomed and encouraged to join our FREE site and to take part in our community- a community with you- the user, the fan, -and the person- will be protected from intrusive actions and with a clean place to interact.


Author

Topic: Electricity Update Pt 4

 (Read 4034 times)

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 20298
  • Liked:
Energy Ministry Report Recommends Gen IV HTGR Technology For Poland
« Reply #14 on: March 06, 2018, 06:17:30 PM »
17 Jan (NucNet): Generation IV high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) technology is the best option for deployment in Poland because it offers an affordable and reliable heat source for domestic industry and will help reduce the country’s dependency on imported gas, a report for the Polish ministry of energy said.
The report, prepared by a team from the Polish National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ) and commissioned by the ministry in July 2016, said HTGR deployment could also reduce CO2 emissions by replacing coal-fired boilers and pave the way for potential HTGR exports by Poland’s nuclear industry.

The report found that the HTGR’s main technological advantage over other high-temperature reactor designs lies in its “inherent safety”, which prevents core melting, and its technological maturity. The report said the HTGR’s technical parameters are “optimal” to the heat needs of Polish industry.

The report recommended the establishment of a special purpose company, owned mainly by Polish industrial heat consumers, which would develop a preconception study based on the findings of the NCBJ team and carry out negotiations with potential foreign partners. The successful conclusion of these steps would allow the beginning of the HTGR design phase, the report said.

According to the report, the cost of designing and licensing an HTGR is estimated at €120m ($147m), while the cost of building a single HTGR would be between €480-€620m. The report said the future price of steam produced by an HTGR would be comparable to the price of steam from gas boilers.

The report said the first commercial HTGRs could be commissioned in Poland around 2031. Design work would be carried out between 2019 and 2023 and construction could begin in 2026.

The report said the project company should simultaneously start design and construction work on a low-power HTGR demonstration reactor. This would speed up the design and licensing of commercial HTGRs.

The report recommends the design phase for the experimental reactor to begin in 2018 and the licensing and construction phase to take between 2020 and 2025. Preparation for the demonstration project will be supported by the European Union’s Gemini+ initiative, which is being funded by Euratom.

Poland does not have any nuclear units in commercial operation, but is considering a new-build programme.

The HTGR project is a standalone initiative by the Polish energy ministry’s nuclear department and the NCBJ, which operates the Maria research reactor on the outskirts of Warsaw.

HTGR is a type of inherently safe, modular, underground helium-cooled reactor technology. HTGRs supply energy in the form of steam or high temperature fluid that can be used for the generation of high efficiency electricity and to support a wide range of industrial processes requiring large amounts of heat or steam.

According to the US-based NGNP Industry Alliance, whose aim is to commercialise HTGR technology, safety “at the highest levels” is designed into the HTGR. No harmful release of radioactive material under any conditions is assured by design.

The International Atomic Energy Agency said significant efforts are underway to develop HTGRs. All these reactors are primarily fuelled by TRISO (tri iso-structural) coated particles.

In a report on HTGR technology the IAEA said there are “many advantages” of HTGRs over conventional water-cooled reactors from the safety point of view. The large mass of the graphite moderator provides high heat capacity and core materials are made of ceramic materials and usable at elevated temperatures. The helium coolant is inert and so chemical interactions between fuel, moderator, and coolant can be avoided.

A summary of the report is online (English): http://bit.ly/2B3TdvD


President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 20298
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #15 on: March 07, 2018, 07:01:50 PM »
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 20298
  • Liked:
Middle East nuclear power to quadruple in ten years
« Reply #16 on: March 07, 2018, 07:03:26 PM »
Nuclear electricity generation capacity in the Middle East is expected to increase from 3.6 gigawatts this year to 14.1 GWe by 2028 thanks to new construction start-ups and recent agreements between Middle Eastern countries and nuclear vendors, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) said yesterday. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) will lead near-term growth by installing 5.4 GWe of nuclear capacity by 2020, it said.
Nuclear power plants in the Middle East (Image: EIA)

The projections follow the EIA's International Energy Outlook, published last September, which presents an assessment of international energy markets through to 2050.
"The growth in nuclear capacity in the Middle East is largely attributable to countries in the region seeking to enhance energy security by reducing reliance on fossil fuel resources," the EIA said, noting that fossil fuels accounted for 97% of electricity production in the region last year, with natural gas accounting for about 66% of electricity generation and oil for 31%. The remaining 3% comes from nuclear, hydropower, and other renewables.
Middle East countries are also adopting nuclear generation to meet increasing electricity demand resulting from population and economic growth, the EIA noted. Regional electricity production was more than 1 terawatt hour last year, and EIA expects electricity demand to increase 30% by 2028. This growth rate is higher than the global average of 18% over the same period, and higher than the 24% expected growth in non-OECD countries.
Developments
 
The EIA listed the five key developments in the region.
Iran is building a two-unit nuclear plant, Bushehr-II, which is designed to add 1.8 GWe of nuclear capacity when completed in about 2026. Bushehr-I facility, which came online in 2011, was the first nuclear power plant in the Middle East. It has one 1000 MWe reactor unit producing about 5.9 GWh of electricity per year.
The UAE is constructing the four-unit Barakah nuclear power plant, which is expected to be completed by the end of 2020. The 1300 MWe Barakah unit 1, which was started in 2012 and completed last year, is expected to begin electricity production by the middle of this year.
Turkey began construction of the Akkuyu nuclear power plant late last year. This is a four-unit facility designed to add 4800 MWe of nuclear capacity to Turkey's generation mix. The first reactor unit is scheduled to be completed by 2025.
Saudi Arabia is planning to build its first nuclear power plant and is expected to award a construction contract for a 2800 GWe facility by the end of this year. It has solicited from five vendors from China, France, Russia, South Korea and the USA to carry out the engineering, procurement, and construction work on two nuclear reactors. Construction is expected to begin in about 2021 at one of the two proposed sites - either Umm Huwayd or Khor Duweihin.
 
Jordan plans to install a two-unit 2000 MWe nuclear plant and has been conducting nuclear feasibility studies with Russia’s Rosatom since 2016. In early 2017, Jordan solicited bids for supplying turbines and electrical systems, and construction is expected to start next year and to be chttp://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NP-Middle-East-nuclear-power-to-quadruple-in-ten-years-06031801.html#.Wp9LNKNfBaU.facebookompleted by 2024.
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 19377
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #17 on: March 07, 2018, 07:48:08 PM »
1 Trillion acres of land?
I call b.s.

HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 19377
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #18 on: March 07, 2018, 08:03:59 PM »
The US consumed roughly 4 million gigawatt hours of electricity in 2017.

The Topaz Solar Farm in California produces about 1.2 gigawatt hours of electricity per year on 6,100 acres of land.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topaz_Solar_Farm

So 20.3 billion acres (about 32 million square miles) would produce enough electricity to power 100% of US electricity for the year.

That is hardly 1 Trillion acres.



HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 19377
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #19 on: March 07, 2018, 08:11:18 PM »
Desert Sunlight 250 and 300 together produce 1.3 Gigawatt Hours of Electricity on 16 square miles of land (10,240 acres).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desert_Sunlight_Solar_Farm

So 30,000 acres (48 square miles) produces 1% of US electricity consumption.

Or is my math wrong?

HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 19377
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #20 on: March 07, 2018, 08:30:06 PM »
Nevada produced 11.2% of their electricity from solar in 2017.
They are adding enough new capacity in the next couple of year to push that to 20% of all electricity produced in the state.

Hawaii produced 11.8% of their electricity from solar in 2017.
They too are adding enough new capacity to produce a total of 20% of their electricity from solar in the next couple of years.

California produced 16.4% of their electricity from solar in 2017.
New planned capacity should push that percentage to north of 25% in the next few years.

Utah and Arizona should pass 10% of electricity production from solar by 2021.
« Last Edit: March 07, 2018, 08:35:59 PM by HK_Vol »

HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 19377
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #21 on: March 07, 2018, 08:41:17 PM »
Texas should be producing 20+% of their electricity from wind and solar within 3 years.
It was 15.5% for 2017.

North Carolina should exceed 5% solar by the end of this year.

HK_Vol

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Default Avatar
  • Posts: 19377
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #22 on: March 07, 2018, 08:47:34 PM »
The EIA estimates that 12.5% of all US electricity produced in 2019 will come from solar and wind.  Add hydro to those figures, and wind, solar and hydro will produce as much electricity as nuclear.  Add nuclear, and they estimate that 40% of US electricity production in 2019 will have zero emissions.  

That figure was 29% in 2009.  
So in 10 years, 11% market share was gained by those four sources.

Solar + Wind:
2009:    1.9%
2019:  12.5%

Coal:
2009:  44.5%
2019:  28.5%

Coal is dying....and it isn't coming back - at least in the US.

Solar + Wind to exceed coal by 2030?

« Last Edit: March 07, 2018, 08:51:48 PM by HK_Vol »

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 20298
  • Liked:
China to start building up to eight reactors in 2018
« Reply #23 on: March 07, 2018, 09:03:07 PM »
China will "steadily promote" the development of nuclear power this year, according to a plan released today by the country's National Energy Administration (NEA). The plan calls for five new nuclear power reactors to be brought online in 2018 and construction to be started on a further six to eight units.
In its Energy Work Guidance Opinion for 2018, the NEA said China's installed nuclear generating capacity would be boosted by a total of 6 GWe this year with the start-up of the Sanmen 1 and Haiyang 1 AP1000s, the Taishan 1 EPR, the Tianwan 3 VVER-1000 and the Yangjiang 5 ACPR1000.
Two AP1000 units are under construction at both the Sanmen site and at Haiyang in Shandong province. Sanmen 1 is expected to be the first Westinghouse AP1000 to begin operating. Hot testing of Sanmen 1 and Haiyang 1 was completed in June and July last year, respectively. The Taishan 1 EPR has finished the hot functional tests of its commissioning and will be the first EPR to operate. Tianwan 3 was connected to the grid on 30 December and is under trial operation before the start of commercial operation. Yangjiang 5 is also scheduled to begin operating this year.
China will also "actively promote the construction of approved projects with conditions [and] plans to start 6 to 8 units during the year", the NEA said. However, it did not name them or state the type of reactors they will feature. In its plan for 2017, the Administration said preparatory work would be carried out last year on eight units. These included units 3 and 4 of Sanmen, units 5 and 6 of Ningde, and two units each at new plants at Zhangzhou in Fujian province and Huizhou in Guangdong province.
In addition, the plan calls for site selection work to be carried out for further coastal nuclear power plant projects.
The plan also wants China to "continue to implement major nuclear science and technology projects, build a sharing system for experimental platforms for nuclear power technology and equipment, speed up the establishment of major projects for small-scale reactors and actively promote the comprehensive utilisation of nuclear energy".
 
Under the latest Five-Year Plan - published in March 2016 - China should have some 58 GWe of nuclear generating capacity in operation by 2020, up from the current capacity of almost 35 GWe. In addition, a further 30 GWe of nuclear capacity will be under construction by 2020.

http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NP-China-to-start-building-up-to-eight-reactors-in-2018-0703185.html
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 20298
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #24 on: March 10, 2018, 09:45:16 AM »
Refueling Rx core
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 20298
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #25 on: March 12, 2018, 03:26:21 PM »
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 20298
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #26 on: March 12, 2018, 03:33:44 PM »
to get 1000MW from Nuclear (coal is about the same) you need ~1 Square Mile, solar needs ~150 Square miles to get 1000MW  
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

  • Global Moderator
  • Hall of Fame
  • *****
  • Posts: 20298
  • Liked:
Re: Electricity Update Pt 4
« Reply #27 on: March 12, 2018, 05:16:10 PM »
Getting ready to pump up the power! Installation of a new, 127,658-pound high-pressure turbine rotor is the latest milestone at Browns Ferry Nuclear's Unit 3. Once complete, Unit 3 will be the first to generate more electricity with the Extended Power Uprate. Other major modifications include new feedwater heater tube bundles and a replacement steam dryer. Once modifications are complete on all three units in Spring 2019, Browns Ferry will generate an added 465 megawatts of electricity – enough to power 280,000 homes in the Tennessee Valley.
#nuclearpower
[/color][/url][/font][/size][/color]

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

 

Associate Links/Search