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Topic: Electricity update Pt. 10

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DunkingDan

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Rolls-Royce on track for 2030 delivery of UK SMR
« Reply #140 on: February 17, 2021, 12:20:10 PM »
Rolls-Royce has almost completed the feasibility stage in the development of its UK small modular reactor (SMR) and in May will focus on securing investment, its chief technology officer, Paul Stein, said yesterday. The technology will undergo the Generic Design Assessment (GDA) process with UK regulators in 2024 and will be ready for grid use five years later, he said.

Speaking to delegates at the Westminster Energy Forum webinar Materiality of Nuclear for Global Net Zero, Stein highlighted the consortium Rolls-Royce is leading for the UK SMR project. This includes Assystem, Atkins, BAM Nuttall, Jacobs, Laing O'Rourke, National Nuclear Laboratory, Nuclear Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre and TWI.
Schedule

Stein said: "This is real. Phase 1 is now coming to an end. That was the 'feasibility and investability' phase where we worked with the UK government to bring this thing to light; to turn it from a paper idea to an investable design. We're now moving into Phase 2, which is a joint investment by the UK government, by the consortium members, and now, very importantly, third-party equity is coming in, believing in the approach, believing in the design. Phase 2 will be under way in about May of this year, with a view to completing GDA in about 2024, and power on grid in about 2030 for the first SMR."
This is "a realistic and low-risk programme", he said, thanks to the construction method and the use of a "standardised" pressurised water reactor. As UK intellectual property, it is a great export opportunity and not merely a way for the country to meet its own net-zero by 2050 target, he added. By that year, production of the UK SMR could reach "the high 100s to low 1000s" of units, but these will not necessarily all be made by the UK consortium.
"One of the key scaling factors in this design is the use of digital twinning," Stein said. "So, right from the start, we've looked at a hybrid licensing model where initially the UK consortium makes all the power stations but as we get foreign interest - and already, foreign interest is building with quite a momentum, actually - parts can be exported and other parts can be made by those countries that subscribe to the right licensing authority. So the scaling has already been considered as part of the initial design, but the sky's the limit. The world currently uses USD4 trillion of fossil fuels every year - coal, gas and oil. All of that has to be repurposed into renewable technology, and we in the nuclear industry have got a chance to repurpose that energy through SMR technology."
Applications

One UK SMR will be able to power a city the size of Leeds, while global grid capacity demand for SMRs is set to exceed 79 GWe by 2040, Stein said. He also described how the UK SMR can be used not only for grid-based electricity, but in a variety of applications to decarbonise the energy system, including aviation fuel.
"One of the beauties of the SMR approach, is it becomes quite a low-cost source of energy for other parts of the decarbonisation scene, such as hydrogen and synthetic fuel," he said. One UK SMR and plant will be able to produce 170 tonnes of H2 or 280 tonnes of net-zero synthetic fuel per day, he added.
Rolls-Royce believes it will also be able to produce synthetic kerosene as a substitute to Jet A fuel "at around about twice the price" of fossil fuel-based kerosene.
"That isn't really that bad and gets us into the territory of being a believable option," he said. "Aviation globally needs 500 million tonnes of Jet A by 2050, so there's a massive industry building up in its own right alongside hydrogen and alongside grid power. The global market by 2040 is more than 500 million tonnes of synth fuel per year."
One UK SMR and associated infrastructure can heat or cool a city the size of Sheffield, with the annual global requirement for district heating/cooling forecast to be more than 10,000 TWh by 2040.
For water desalination, one UK SMR and an associated desalination plant will be able to produce 500 million cubic metres of potable water per year, he said, adding that global demand for potable water is expected to rise beyond 1 trillion cubic metres per year by 2040.
Stressing that the UK SMR is "a power station design and not a nuclear reactor", he said it has an availability factor greater than 90% and enhanced Gen III+ levels of safety and security.
Asked about the projected scale of production by 2050, Stein said: "For just replacing electricity on the grid, it's somewhere between 10 and 16 units by 2050. Then, for hydrogen, which is going to build up, particularly for transport, buses and home heating. Then, we've got the big aviation fuel initiative in the UK, which itself could create a market for a few 10s of units. The other markets are speculation, but I suspect they'll be greater than the grid market."
Cost

Each UK SMR will cost GBP1.8 billion (capex) and GBP40-60/MWh over 60 years.
"By getting the price down to GBP1.8 billion, it's very much in the territory now of being able to access private equity to buy and run a reactor, which means we believe that nuclear power can really mushroom in a way that hasn’t been the case for when it's been a state-funded enterprise," Stein said.
"The UK SMR heralds a new approach to the cost of nuclear power by broadly rethinking the manufacturing and construction methods and by the extensive use of digital twinning whilst keeping the physics package exactly the same. This is a pressurised water reactor of a type we know and love."
He continued: "All of the design philosophy is designed to minimise the cost of energy coming out, so for grid-based energy at a reasonable price for cost of capital we believe we can deliver electricity at GBP40/MWh, which is about USD56/MWh, over the 60-year life of the reactor, with a capital cost of nth-of-a-kind, with n being about 5, of GBP1.8 billion for what was a 440-megawatt power station, but we've now found a way of getting 470 MW of electric out of the core. Everything in this power station is about reducing cost, so it's about 'freezing the physics' of the reactor and then looking at every aspect of the design, working out how the cost can be driven down, the cost being the historical challenge of nuclear power."
About 90% of the value of the nuclear power station is delivered in a factory environment. That means, the nuclear island, the main concrete assembly and the other "major elements" are pre-fabricated and put together on-site.
"The power station operators have got a far lower cost of capital to raise. We're talking a GBP1.8 billion power station, with something like four years from placement of the order to selling electricity on the grid. Shortening that cycle changes the paradigm of nuclear power and actually makes the whole fleet approach to SMRs really quite attractive."
Beyond its consortium membership, Rolls-Royce recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding with US utility Exelon, "which will run the power station and act as the liaison between us and the financing partners", Stein said. It is also working with other plant operators, "particularly abroad", he added.
Innovation

The design features of the UK SMR include a seismic raft, which Stein said is the standard for installations of SMRs.
"It's designed by one of our civil engineering partners and consists of an about 1.5 acre-size concrete raft which sits on an aseismic bearing, a pebble-bed bearing, that provides the shock resistance for the reactor, and every single installation of these power stations has the same standardised seismic raft."
Another innovative part of the design Stein highlighted is the site canopy. "This is built over the entire 1.5 acres, and allows the project to continue, even through periods of rain, snow, inclement weather, which reduces the cost of capital by giving more certainty in the construction time," he said.
"And outside of the nuclear island, the vast majority of the components are off-the-shelf parts of the steam cycle between the steam generators of the pressurised water reactor and the electricity on-grid, if that's the application side."
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

Cincydawg

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Re: Electricity update Pt. 10
« Reply #141 on: February 17, 2021, 06:50:03 PM »
How the Texas power grid failed and what could stop it from happening again (cnbc.com)

Of course, power equipment operates in places that are much colder than Texas, so one step that can be taken would be to winterize equipment. The state is used to extreme heat and drought, but its infrastructure simply is not equipped to operate in extreme cold. 

“They have the infrastructure in place that meets the needs 99.9% of the time,” said Rebecca Babin, senior equity trader at CIBC Private Wealth. “On these tail events, they’re really ill equipped. They’re not incentivized to invest in the infrastructure to make those improvements.”


DunkingDan

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Re: Electricity update Pt. 10
« Reply #142 on: February 17, 2021, 06:56:23 PM »
Are you trying to hijack another thread?

Nothing in here is about the Texas Power grid that is being discussed elsewhere. Perhaps you should move your post about it to that thread
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Energy Expert: 'One of the Most Resilient Types of Power Is a Coal-Fir
« Reply #143 on: February 21, 2021, 01:20:21 PM »

Quote
- As Texans struggle through a prolonged cold snap that has left many homes dark and now flooded with burst water pipes, attention turns to the state-managed power grid and the relative merits of fossil fuels versus green energy. 
On Thursday, Texas Public Policy Foundation Vice President Chuck DeVore said Texas residents have a lot of "digging out" to do, but once that's done, it's time to consider the "resiliency" of power sources, in addition to reliability.

“And as far as what to do in the future, I think that we need to assign a value to grid reliability and resiliency," DeVore told "The Larry O'Connor Show" on WMAL radio in Washington, D.C.

More at Energy Expert: 'One of the Most Resilient Types of Power Is a Coal-Fired Power Plant' | CNSNews
Energy Expert: 'One of the Most Resilient Types of Power Is a Coal-Fired Power Plant' | CNSNews

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

HK_Vol

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Re: Electricity update Pt. 10
« Reply #144 on: February 21, 2021, 10:07:40 PM »
Biden restricts fracking.
Natural Gas prices go up.
Coal becomes the cheapest option.
Result?  Utilities burn more coal.

Percent Coal
2020:
January:    19.2%
February    17.7%

2021 (early estimate):
January:     24.3%
February:    29.0%

But hey!  We rejoined the Paris Agreement!


IMAVOL

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Re: Electricity update Pt. 10
« Reply #145 on: February 21, 2021, 11:36:17 PM »
https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2012/02/renewable_green_nuclear_energy_here_now.html
But Dan, you and I both know the nuclear industry does not want this.  It would be too cheap to run.  No over built containment vessels, no servicing the reactor to add fuel or other massive reworking.  In other words not enough profit to be made.  my son put it another way.  The nuclear industry is like the shaver industry.  They sell you the shaver cheap and then kill you on the blades.  With out the back ends service on the reactors, fuel etc. there is not enough money to steal. 
« Last Edit: February 21, 2021, 11:58:45 PM by IMAVOL »

DunkingDan

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Re: Electricity update Pt. 10
« Reply #146 on: February 22, 2021, 06:07:21 AM »
Biden restricts fracking.
Natural Gas prices go up.
Coal becomes the cheapest option.
Result?  Utilities burn more coal.

Percent Coal
2020:
January:    19.2%
February    17.7%

2021 (early estimate):
January:    24.3%
February:    29.0%

But hey!  We rejoined the Paris Agreement!
It would be nice to see coal used some again as there is or was  a tax on it to clean up old mine sites and the environmental damage that they have caused over the years.  Sad many states have wanted to use these funds for issues that are unrelated in the recent past. Note I am unsure as to where legislative mischief is with this issue currently as I have not been active in any environmental work the past few years. 
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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The World Needs Nuclear Power, And We Shouldn’t Be Afraid Of It
« Reply #147 on: February 22, 2021, 01:01:41 PM »


Technicians check the contamination level in the reactors of the Angra II nuclear plant during the ...
  • [/font][/color][/size]
     AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES
    For thousands upon thousands of years, humans have been harnessing the power of nature to provide energy to push our civilization forward. By leveraging fire, we gained the ability to cook food, provide warmth and shelter, and to protect us from predators. Later on, we tamed a variety of animals, using their labor to perform tasks that would be too strenuous or inefficient for humans. Eventually, natural power sources, like the wind, was harnessed through windmills to turn millstones, grinding grain without any human input at all.
    An enormous transformation occurred when we began using natural sources — windmills, steam-generating combustion processes, even flowing water — to turn turbines, generating power and providing electricity. Today, the world’s energy needs are still dominantly met through these same processes, with non-renewable fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gas providing the dominant fraction of Earth’s energy uses. We’re powering a space age civilization with the same fossil fuels that emerged during the iron age. Now, more than ever, the world needs nuclear power, and yet fear, rather than facts, governs our policies. Here’s the science of why we should embrace it.

    More at The World Needs Nuclear Power, And We Shouldn’t Be Afraid Of It (forbes.com)



President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Re: Electricity update Pt. 10
« Reply #150 on: March 03, 2021, 06:56:35 PM »
May be an image of text that says 'By 2050 the disposal of worn out solar panels will be DOUBLE the tonnage of the world's current plastic waste Source: Inernational Renewable Energy Agency Solar Panels won't save the planet. PODL'
President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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Joint venture formed to spur SMR deployment in Sweden
« Reply #151 on: March 05, 2021, 10:50:50 AM »
Uniper Sweden, LeadCold and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) are collaborating to explore the possibility of constructing a demonstration LeadCold SEALER lead-cooled small modular reactor (SMR) at Sweden's Oskarshamn plant site by 2030. The partners have also applied for funding towards building a non-nuclear prototype at Oskarshamn for testing and verifying materials and technology.

Uniper said the collaboration is designed as a joint venture and "is open to a number of different players in industry and academia". The project aims to build a lead-cooled reactor at Oskarshamn by 2030. Eventually, the goal of the collaboration is to enable the commercialisation of these reactors in Sweden in the 2030s.
An academic network based at KTH is connected to the project. The Sunrise (Sustainable Nuclear Research In Sweden) project - whose partners include KTH, Luleå University and Uppsala University - has already received SEK50 million (USD6 million) in funding from the Foundation for Strategic Research to develop the design, material technology and safety analysis for an advanced lead-cooled research and demonstration reactor.
"Through this initiative, Sweden is now also taking a concrete step towards developing technology, know-how and expertise in new advanced nuclear power," Uniper said.
Uniper, LeadCold and KTH have applied to the Swedish Energy Agency for a grant of SEK125 million. The partners will put the funds towards building an electrically powered non-nuclear prototype of LeadCold's SEALER (Swedish Advanced Lead Reactor) concept lead-cooled reactor at the Oskarshamn plant site for testing and verifying materials and technology in an environment of molten lead at high temperatures. The prototype will be operated for five years starting in 2024.
Janne Wallenius, founder of LeadCold, said the technology the company has developed "is now so mature that we, together with Uniper, can start building a non-nuclear prototype to enable a commercialisation of a new reactor at a later stage". Wallenius added: "It is a big and important step forward for Swedish reactor technology."
The small lead-cooled SEALER design is claimed to generate 3-10 MWe over a 10-30 year period without refueling. After operation, the first SEALER units will be transported to a centralised recycling facility.
"We see a clear role for nuclear power in the energy system of the future, and we are therefore investing in developing the nuclear power of the future in collaboration with LeadCold, which has patents on design and materials for a small modular reactor with lead cooling and passive safety," said Uniper Sweden CEO Johan Svenningsson. Uniper Sweden is the largest shareholder in OKG, owner of the Oskarshamn plant. "By starting work in good time, we create freedom of action later - both for ourselves and for Sweden as a country.
"Given the short period of time that remains until we [aim to] have achieved net-zero emissions in Sweden, it is important that we do not close any doors. This includes politicians and authorities also supporting the development of new nuclear power. Such an initiative would also serve as a shot in the arm for academic research in the field of energy."
Pär Olsson, head of the department of physics at KTH and director of the Sunrise project, said KTH looks forward to an expanded collaboration with Uniper and LeadCold. "This is directly in line with the long-term strategy that we have identified within Sunrise and constitutes the second step of three for the development of new nuclear technology on Swedish soil," he said.
LeadCold is a spin-off from KTH in Stockholm, where lead-cooled reactor systems have been under development since 1996. The company was founded in 2013 as a joint stock company. It has a Canadian subsidiary, LeadCold Reactors Inc, which is registered in Alberta, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News

President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

DunkingDan

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NuScale SMR to be evaluated for use in Bulgaria
« Reply #152 on: March 05, 2021, 02:09:33 PM »
NuScale Power of the USA and Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant - New Build Plc (KNPP-NB) have agreed to evaluate the suitability of NuScale's small modular reactor technology for deployment at the existing Kozloduy nuclear power plant site in Bulgaria. KNPP-NB is a public limited company established to commission new nuclear power capacity at the site.

The Kozloduy site is home to Bulgaria's only operating nuclear power reactors. In conjunction with the Council Of Ministers' recent decision to extend the capacity of the Kozloduy site, KNPP-NB is exploring the possibility of utilising advanced nuclear technology there.
Under a Memorandum of Understanding announced today, NuScale will support KNPP-NB as they conduct a number of studies and analyses. These will include the development of a project timeline with milestone deliverables for a feasibility study, a project-specific cost estimate, and engineering, planning, licensing, and other activities supporting the potential implementation of a NuScale plant.
"NuScale's safe, scalable technology is a perfect solution for Bulgaria as it looks to expand and diversify its clean energy portfolio,” said NuScale Power Chairman and CEO John Hopkins. "NuScale is excited to work with a prominent energy partner, such as KNPP-NB, on this potential deployment of our technology, and we look forward to demonstrating the numerous benefits our SMRs can bring to the region."
KNPP-NB CEO Lyuben Marinov said, "The need to implement safe, reliable and manoeuvrable power onsite at Kozloduy is well understood. The NuScale SMR is one of the best options to achieve European and Bulgarian policy goals in a liberalised power market, improve the security of energy supply, and add sufficient value to the national gross domestic product."
The NuScale Power Module is a pressurised water reactor with all the components for steam generation and heat exchange incorporated into a single integrated unit. The unit can generate 77 MWe (gross) per module, or about 924 MWe for a 12-module power plant. NuScale will also offer options for smaller four-module and six-module plant sizes.
The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission in September issued a standard design approval to NuScale Power for the NuScale SMR. This allows the design to be referenced in applications for construction, operating and manufacturing licences and permits in the USA. Site-specific licensing procedures must still be completed and a combined construction and operating licence obtained before any construction can begin.
The company has signed MoUs to explore the deployment of its technology in Canada, the Czech Republic, Jordan, Romania and Ukraine, and said it continues to discuss similar agreements with potential customers worldwide. In October last year, the US International Development Finance Corporation signed a Letter of Intent to help NuScale develop 2500 MWe of nuclear energy in South Africa.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News



President Harry S. Truman said: “The fundamental basis of this nation’s laws was given to Moses on the Mount.  The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings…  If we don't have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

Cincydawg

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Re: Electricity update Pt. 10
« Reply #153 on: March 05, 2021, 02:14:17 PM »
20 Drawbacks Of Electric Vehicles Drivers Overlook (motor-junkie.com)
I think most EV buyers are aware of most of those.  Obviously Ford and GM and Volvo have made recent announcements about transitioning to EVs in 15 years or so.

That could change, but I suspect GM et al. have devoted a lot of their R&D into EVs.  Even the Corvette is going to have an EV version.


 

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